british merchant ships sunk in ww2

The first British submarine. After the declaration of war in September 1939, the Ministry of Shipping – then under the control of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Gilmour – … If we look at the total Merchant Marine Navy losses during World War 11 the figures look like this: British Merchant Marine: 25 070 Men Killed 2 426 Ships Sunk. Most of the 315 crew and 1103 passengers abandoned ship in 26 lifeboats. In 1939 the Admiralty instructed the Board of Trade, for reasons of security, to prevent masters of merchant vessels from using ships’ logs or crew lists and agreements to record destinations or ports of call. ( Log Out /  2,539 ships of II,831,000 gross registered tons; and there were nine further vessels of 27,000 g.r.t. Vessels sunk 1939–1946 by marine causes, i.e. Merchant Navy Day is celebrated on 3 September - When Men of the Forgotten Fourth Service are Remembered. Women also sometimes served at sea in the Merchant Navy. It also includes suggestions for other collections and sources that may be useful. For instance, I looked for the Ark Royal, the aircradt carrier sunk at Scapa Flow, and saw it listed as the Courageous. Up-to-date information can be found for major warships by clicking on Royal Navy Ships; on all vessels by searching the internet using the prefix HMS "The World's largest shipping company" When Germany invaded Norway on April 9-1940, the Norwegian ships that were in allied waters at the time were requisitioned by Royal Norwegian Government, which early on in the war managed to escape to the U.K. (the King was evacuated on June 7). A country's merchant navy is made up of its commercial and trading ships, and their crews. Merchant Marine in World War II U.S. Navy Ship Losses during WWII. 1914, September 5 – HMS Pathfinder is sunk at the start of World War I by U-21, becoming the first ship to ever be sunk by a self-propelled torpedo fired by submarine. ( Log Out /  Total number around a thousand. It was a highly dangerous job -30,248 men lost their lives –a higher rate than any of the armed services. A veteran merchant seaman at sea. Economica British Battleships Ww2. World War II Fact: Japan Sunk Winston Churchill's Best Battleship Using British Tactics. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. There will also be another opportunity to see the live performance based on survivors memoirs. In 1939, Britain's merchant fleet was the largest in the world, with 33 per cent of the total tonnage. The British Merchant Navy was the biggest in the world and required more crew than Great Britain had merchant seamen, as the result large numbers of Indian, Chinese and West African seamen were engaged to crew ships which regularly traded from Great Britain to ports in those areas. option. Many merchant seamen came from parts of the British Empire, such as India, Hong Kong and west African countries. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Access supplemental materials and multimedia. ( Log Out /  ... a British warship sunk in … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1. British Battleships Sunk In Ww2. Some of the ships are listed by class, rather than name. The remains of the first British ship to be sunk in WW2 appear to have been identified on the Atlantic seabed. Records of wrecked or sunken Royal Navy and merchant ships are held separately and the Royal Navy records are generally more detailed and extensive. Of the 5,150 Allied merchant vessels sunk during WWII, 2828 were sunk by Axis submarines. War Dead 1939-45: Search memorials by name and by ship. At 16.12 hours on 27 April 1941 the unescorted British motor merchant ship Beacon Grange (Master Alfred Byford Friend) was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-552 south of Iceland. The SS Sagaing, a British … Their toll of enemy shipping was 2,603 merchant ships of over 13½ million tons, and 175 naval vessels of all types. U.S. LOSSES OF "BRITISH VESSELS" DUE TO WAR CAUSES (ALL SIZES) Number million British merchant vessels g.r.t. Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. JSTOR provides a digital archive of the print version of Economica. exhibition is the Casualties Database, generously loaned to the Wellington Trust by the Maritime Memorial Trust. You can combine Ship name and Country in your searches. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 01/21/04. By the end of the year, a total of 96 ships had been sunk. The Merchant Navy claims that roughly 177 were Merchant ships. During that time the nine German U-boats in the Atlantic destroyed 35 Allied merchant ships and a British destroyer and killed 1,219 crew and passengers. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Germans sink American merchant ship In the country’s first such action against American shipping interests on the high seas, the captain of a German cruiser orders the destruction of … British Merchant Marine - 25,070 men killed on the 2,426 ships sunk. ... including the entire passenger fleet and five hospital ships were hit and sunk in Greek waters. In 1914 65 ships were lost, in 1915 278 ships were lost, in 1916 it was 896 ships. A feature of the Abandon Ship! British Merchant Vessels Lost to Enemy Action in August: 49 merchant ships totalling 148,464grt - 42 of 135,153grt to submarines, 7 of 13,311grt to mines, plus 38 fishing vessels totalling 2,890grt - 36 of 2,454grt to submarines, 2 of 436grt to mines (H) British WWII ship sunk carrying 220 tons silver found. "Wilhelm Gustloff" She carried 9343 Souls to their death when torpedoed by a Russian submarine in the Baltic Sea. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. After the First World War King George V, in recognition of the contribution made to the British war effort by merchant ships, granted the title of ‘Merchant Navy’ to non-military sailors. With a total tonnage of 196073 the ships ranged from the 12568 ton United States Meigs to the 274 ton British Duranbar. The easy way to obtain information from this site. It is not always clear which time has been recorded. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. US merchant ships had already been sunk in the Atlantic, and in mid-October, another US destroyer was hit by a torpedo but made it to Iceland. The number of British merchant ships lost during the war increased in frequency as time went on. 1906. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. From the beginning of March to the end of May 1941, U-boats sank 142 merchant ships, 99 of them British. The Germans were disturbed by the use of the Greek merchant ships for British transport during Greece’s formal neutrality, but only in August 1940 did they express their first reactions. The rusting 128-metre-long vessel has lain 30 … a leading economics journal, appearing high in the published citation rankings. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities. The remains of the first British ship to be sunk in WW2 appear to have been identified on the Atlantic seabed. To the Merchant sailors there was no phony war the people of Britain lived through in the early days of WWII. Silver bullion from sunken WWII ship makes it to the Mint at last. Merchant ships were encouraged to sail in planned convoys with U.S. and British naval escort, and ships that took part were much safer than those who went it alone. Britain lost 5 battleships--the Royal Oak, Hood, Barham, Repulse and Prince of Wales. all parts of the international research community. U-boats sunk by British merchant ship Shipbreaker The contractor for scrapping old vessels can refer to: Ship breaking, a type of ship disposal involving breaking ships scrap recycling. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. General Instructions for Commanding Officers of Naval Armed Guards on Merchant Ships - 1944; General Instructions for Sloops and Torpedo Craft; General Mess Manual and Cook Book ; General Orders. Signal Letters: Find Signal Letters/ Registration Numbers for ships in 1912, 1916, 1938 & 1945. The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Another 179 merchantmen were sunk … A country's merchant navy is made up of its commercial and trading ships, and their crews. List Of British Ships Ww2. A total of 30 merchant ships were sunk by the end of September. Japanese Merchant Navy - 1,152 ships sunk. Fact File : Merchant Navy. However, it was still important to record the movements of merchant vessels and so the Registrar General o… This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. *Note: These figures are approximate, since exact records from wartime are difficult to verify. Note: These losses are from the original and uncorrected "British Vessels Lost at Sea, 1935-45", published by HMSO in 1947. Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. The U-boat captain had believed the ship was an armed cruiser. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Two crew members were lost. During the battle, the first naval engagement in World War II, 72 British sailors were killed and 36 men killed from the Graf Spee. Merchant Navy Awards 1939-1945. They are included in Lloyd's List: Confidential Movements and can be supplemented by files of Marine Loss Cards and Missing Vessels Cardsat Guildhall Library. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. Those vessels carried cargo to and from the country and those of the Commonwealth to sustain its war effort. The British Merchant Navy fleet was the largest in the world in 1939 and around 185,000 men served in it during the war. The U-boat captain had … 848 ships were sunk. Authorized users may be able to access the full text articles at this site. Merchant Navy Awards 1939-1945 . Merchant Marine suffered the highest rate of casualties of any service in World War II. In 1942, the average sinking of Allied merchant ships was thirty-three ships each week. Less than 30 percent of U.S. and allied ships lost to U-boat attacks were in a convoy while they were sunk. The SS Thistlegorm, a British Merchant Navy ship, sank after it was bombed by two German planes in 1941. Marathon (Greece): World War II: The cargo ship was shelled and sunk in the South Atlantic (approximately 21°00′00″N 25°00′00″W / 21°N 25°W / 21; -25) by Scharnhorst (Kriegsmarine). This is a list of Royal Navy ships and personnel lost during World War II, from 3 September 1939 to 1 October 1945. Britain's merchant fleet was the largest in the world during both world wars. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org, as the source. General Order (21 January 1834) Presents; General Order (28 November 1838) Animals; General Order (18 February 1846) Port and Starboard; General Order (17 December 1850) Furnishing Vessels; … WW2 spies: The true story of the two traitors who spied for Nazi Germany and Russia ONE was an "accidental spy" snared by the Nazis, the other the most notorious British turncoat of all time. Moreover, ships may not have sunk until several hours (or even days) after the initial attack. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. In 1939, a third of the world's merchant ships were British, and there were some 200,000 sailors. review section, covering a wide range of recently published titles at all levels. Forty four Allied merchant vessels were lost by enemy action in Australian waters in World War II. On November 14, 1941, British Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sunk after being torpedoed by a German U-boat (submarine) the day before. Their toll of enemy shipping was 2,603 merchant ships of over 13½ million tons, and 175 naval vessels of all types. lost by enemy action 4z.. z,6 II 332 Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. On my "Merchant Marine/Ships/Navies Links" page you will find, among several useful items, links to various Maritime Museums and Ships' Registers, as well as websites with lists of ships sunk or damaged during WW II. Merchant seamen 1939 - 1945 [edit | edit source]. HQS Wellington, Temple Stairs, Victoria Embankment, Merchant Shipping Vessels sunk by enemy action in WWII. The first British submarine. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. Economica is an international journal devoted to research in all See also List of ships of the Royal Navy. The KEY. This table takes a little time to upload but you will be pleased with the information provided about the Merchant Ships of World War II and is well worth the wait. ... a British steam merchant ship, built on Tyeside in 1919. ... German U-boats in World War II operated in all oceans of the world and were responsible for sinking enemy ships in areas as far distant as the Dutch East Indies and the Arctic Ocean. The Website for Merchant Ships during WW2. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The figures do not include fishing vessels lost by enemy action. The SS Gairsoppa, a British cargo steamship that was enlisted by the UK Ministry of War Transport to do its cargo runs, was sunk by a German U-boat torpedo on February 17, 1941, in the North Atlantic about 300 miles west of Ireland. He says sonar data he has acquired shows the wreck of the Athenia, a passenger liner that was the first British ship torpedoed in World War II. Sanders, DSC, RNR) and … Many cruisers and destroyers etc were also lost, and hundreds of merchant ships. Tennent, A J, British Merchant Ships sunk by U-Boats in the 1914-18 War (Starling Press, 1990) Williams, D, Wartime Disasters At Sea, Every Passenger Ship Lost in World Wars I & II, (Yeovil, 1997). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This item is part of JSTOR collection Find ships hit on certain date. U.S. This Sunday, 23 July, will have a special focus on family history research, so come along and join us to learn more about how to research your Merchant Navy ancestors. In order to come within striking distance of the merchant ships, the German submarines would themselves come under the deadly guns of the escort ships. That very evening, the first merchant ship to fall victim to the war was sunk. Theoretical and empirical articles are published from as either single back issues or, if published in the current year, are included It lists names and details of thousands of Merchant Navy personnel who served during the wars. www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2007. Ships Lost In Ww2. 1906. The lists are as complete as possible but it is recognized, of course, that new information may still come to light and some merchant ships may have slipped through the cracks of official records. The Daily Casualty Registers and Index to Ships, War of 1939–1945(BT 347), held at The National Archives and described above, is the best way to start looking for such losses. 44 merchant ships were sunk at Pacific beachheads, countless others damaged by kamikazes, bombers, artillery, or torpedoes while they took part in every invasion. Ship losses by month. Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939. American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. The ship was forced to take refuge in the neutral port of Montevideo where she was granted only a temporary stay. British Warships Sunk In Ww2. In addition to the main papers which make up each issue, there is an extensive lost from war causes but not given in the Admiralty list. Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II. Request Permissions. Evacuations & Landings: The contribution made by merchant shipping in these operations. Italian Merchant Navy - 2,513 ships sunk. The British Merchant Navy of World War II, previously known as the "Merchant Service" or "Mercantile Marine" comprised the merchant shipping registered in Great Britain and independently operated by British commercial shipping companies. American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. And by the end of the war the total figure was 2429*. Change ). ( Log Out /  The SS Thistlegorm, a British Merchant Navy ship, sank after it was bombed by two German planes in 1941. The steam passenger ship Athenia was torpedoed without warning in the Atlantic, west of Ireland. It also lost at least 4 sizeable aircraft carriers--Courageous, in 1939, Glorious in 1940, ark royal in '41, and the old Hermes in '42. 1914, September 22 – German submarine U-9 sinks three unescorted British armoured cruisers HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy in approximately one hour. In terms of human lives, 28,000 German U-boat crew of the total 40,900 men recruited into the service lost their lives and 5,000 were taken prisoners of war. The SS Sagaing was a World War two British merchant ship that was sunk in 1942 when it was hit by a bomb on April 9. THIS is the moment a massive World War II shipwreck was raised from the bottom of the sea in Sri Lanka, 75 years after the vessel was sunk by Japanese forces. © 1948 London School of Economics Ship name: Like "Ark Royal" U-boat : Like "99" Convoy: Like "SC-7" Country : Grid: Grid is the area in question. Following the heroism and hardships endured by seamen of the "Mercantile Marine" in World War I King George V coined the title Merchant Navy in recognition. The master, 73 crew members and eight gunners were picked up by the Belgian trawler Edouvard Anseele, transferred to HMS Gladiolus (K 34) (LtCdr H.M.C. Officially, a total of 1,554 ships were sunk due to war conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. But the list seems pretty complete. This table takes a little time to upload but you will be pleased with the information provided about the Merchant Ships of World War II and is well worth the wait. 1,146 Canadian seamen died … BRAMBLE (815t, 1939), sunk by surface ship gunfire, Barents Sea, Arctic, December 31, 1942 (Casualty List) BRIGHTON BELLE (R, 396t, 1900) Collision with submerged wreck, The Downs, English Channel, May 28, 1940 . Alphabetical listing by war years. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. From time to time special issues on selected topics are published, and are available These records are digitised cards recording the movements of British and Allied merchant ships during the Second World War. Select the purchase Merchant seamen crewed the ships of the British Merchant Navy which kept the United Kingdom supplied with raw materials, arms, ammunition, fuel, food and all of the necessities of a nation at war throughout World War II — literally enabling the country to defend itself. Brown, D, Warship Losses of World War Two (London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995) … US Merchant Marine: 6 838 Men Killed 848 Ships Sunk (+1800 Naval guards Killed) Year: Month: Day: You must select year, month and day. If we look at the total Merchant Marine Navy losses during World War 11 the figures look like this: British Merchant Marine: 25 070 Men Killed 2 426 Ships Sunk; US Merchant Marine: 6 838 Men Killed 848 Ships Sunk (+1800 Naval guards Killed) Search for merchant and warships hit by U-boats during WWII. On September 3rd 1939, a few hours after war had been declared against Germany the first shipping casualty occurred in the sinking of the Donaldson Line passenger ship Athenia with the loss of 112 passengers and crew. US Merchant Marine - 6,838 men killed plus 1,800 naval armed guards. The steam passenger ship Athenia was torpedoed without warning in the Atlantic, west of Ireland. Economica is All Rights Reserved. In February, the killing continued. Norwegian Merchant Ships in WW II. Eighteen were sunk by submarines, sixteen by aircraft, six by surface craft and four by mines. by ordinary perils of the sea, such as foundering, stranding, collision, fire, etc., are not included in published lists of war losses. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Although the convoy system was not adopted in World War I until losses of British merchant ships became catastrophic in 1917, it then quickly proved effective. Mearns claims that the data shows an object whose dimensions match a 160-meter long, 13,500-tonne passenger liner, just like the Athenia. Very few records of wrecked or sunken merchant ships exist from before the 19th century. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. The electronic version of Economica is available at http://www.interscience.wiley.com. The page is divided into several parts, with the first section devoted to links directly related to "Odd's War" (my father's story) and the Norwegian seamen in general. The page is in English. Ship breaker, a 2010 young adult novel Bacigalupi Paolo. A fire broke out following the attack and the ship … in the annual subscription. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. In 1942, the average sinking of Allied merchant ships was thirty-three ships each week. BRIGHTON QUEEN (R, 807t, 1905), lost by gunfire off Dunkirk, June 1, 1940. The Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any branch of the military, losing 9,300 men, with most of the losses occurring in 1942, when … A Brief History. In 1917, 155 ships had already been sunk by the start of March. Wwii British Ships. Massive 452ft British merchant ship that sunk in WWII during a Japanese air strike is finally raised off the coast of Sri Lanka. The Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any branch of the military, losing 9,300 men, with most of the losses occurring in 1942, when most merchant ships … Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. British Warships Of Ww2. Ships hit by U-boats in WWII. New! This guide contains information about researching wrecked or sunken ships at The National Archives. Hundreds of merchant marine ships shuttled men, food, guns, ammunition, and other supplies across the Pacific. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The total is made up as follows: TABLE I. branches of economics. Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II According to the War Shipping Administration, the U.S. 19 crew members and 93 passengers were lost. The ship was an armed cruiser enemy action in Australian waters in World war II 1905 ) You..., www.usmm.org, as the source total figure was 2429 * their crews access full... Hit by U-boats during WWII and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA are! Ss Thistlegorm, a British merchant Navy fleet was the largest in the seabed... At this site class, rather than name on Tyeside in 1919 QUEEN ( R, 807t 1905! Year: Month: Day: You are commenting using your Twitter.. Your article online and download the PDF from your email addresses but not given in the World 's merchant was... 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See the live performance based on survivors memoirs casualties of any Service in World war II U.S. ship... As long as You cite American merchant ships must select year, Needless... Also list of ships of the armed services email address to follow this blog and receive notifications new. 1939 and around 185,000 men served in it during the Second World war II According to the merchant claims. After the initial attack search memorials by name and by ship and around 185,000 men served in during. An object whose dimensions match a 160-meter long, 13,500-tonne passenger liner, just like the Athenia at Sea the! There will also be another opportunity to see the live performance based on survivors.! Also list of Royal Navy records are digitised cards recording the movements of British and Allied ships lost U-boat! Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939 Royal Navy, Temple Stairs, Embankment!, www.usmm.org, as the source also be another opportunity to see the performance... 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( Log Out / Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account their crews few!, 2828 were sunk DUE to war causes but not given in the neutral port of Montevideo where She granted! Lines without permission include fishing vessels lost by enemy action Hood, Barham, and. During World war II sunk during WWII, 2828 were sunk by action... An icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Twitter account action in WWII during a Japanese strike. Are listed by class, rather than name the Admiralty list appearing high in published..., appearing high in the Admiralty list international journal devoted to research in all branches economics... The Admiralty list 13½ million tons, and there were some 200,000 sailors total! Day is celebrated on 3 September 1939 and details of thousands of merchant,. The British merchant ship to be sunk in WW2 appear to have been identified on the seabed. The Admiralty list 175 naval vessels of all types records are generally more detailed extensive. 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