deccan policy of shah jahan

Roads, canals, bridges, sarais, etc., were constructed for the welfare of the people. His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. Akbar was the first Mughal ruler who turned his attention towards the Deccan. Also known as Mirza Zanzana, he was a Master of the four Tariqats- Naqshbandia, Qadiria, Suhrawardia and Chishtia Orders. Shah Jahan advanced Mughal control over the Deccan through military conquest. Available here are Chapter 1 - Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb Exercises Questions with Solutions and detail explanation for your practice before the examination. Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahn , therefore, wanted to reconquer it. Shah Jahan attempted either to annex the kingdoms of the Deccan or force them to accept the suzerainty of the emperor. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. The Nizam Shahs of Ahamednagar were right on the Deccan frontiers of the Mughals, repeatedly attacked but it was saved by an able general Malik Ambar. DECCAN POLICY. Similarly, during the famine and plague he did a lot to relieve the people of their sufferings. Find Information on: Arrival of Vasco da Gama in India. Shah Jahan … Being a staunch Sunni he wanted to crush the Shia States of Deccan which had not accepted the Mughal supremacy. Hie policy of religious tolerance and friendship with the Rajputs was continued by Shah Jahan. CISCE ICSE Class 7. Shah Jahan’s military expeditions to Central Asia and Kandahar and the extravagant building projects drained the royal treasury. In the reign of Jahangir, the Persian emperor conquered Kandahar for which the north-west frontier of India became unsafe. By understanding the critical situation, Shah Jahan deputed a large army to invade Bijapur. Emperor Aurangzeb of India's Mughal Dynasty (November 3, 1618–March 3, 1707) was a ruthless leader who, despite his willingness to take the throne over the bodies of his brothers, went on to create a "golden age" of Indian civilization. During the Shah Jahan's reign, Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan policy. Further, the policy of carrot and stick and the advance of Shah Jahan to the Deccan changed the Bijapur politics. He was a capable commander and understood the politics of the Deccan well. However, his political contributions to the Mughal dynasty cannot be forgotten. Akbar had been able to annex only a part of the Deccan including Khandesh and Berar. Textbook Solutions 6493. Shah Jahan Deccan Policy. Jahangir fought against Malik Amber of Ahmadnagar. Shah Jahan had a natural love for magnificence, which was reflected in the buildings that he constructed. Prince Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum in May 1612. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh and Berar. Shah Jahan’s military expeditions to Central Asia and Kandahar and the extravagant building projects drained the royal treasury. Shah Jahan came to a conclusion that there could be no peace for the Mughals in the Deccan as long as Ahmednagar continued as an independent state. But he had not conquered any of the 4 Kingdoms which were derived out of the Bahamni Kingdom. Behind the glamour and the glitter of Shah Jahan’s reign, however, lurked some disturbing shadows. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. Apart from the rebellions, Shah Jahan had to encounter, in the beginning of his reign a serious challenge in the shape of serious famine. Shah Jahan’s Deccan Policy: Shah Jahan’s Deccan policy was prompted by political as well as religious motives. Shah Jahan had three wives. Shah Jahan’s Deccan Policy There were 4 kingdoms in Deccan namely Nizam Shahs of Ahamednagar, Adil Shah of Bijapur, Kutub Shah of Golkonda and Barid Shah of Bidar. © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 1-15, 2020, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - November, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - November 17-30, 2020, Important Days & Events in Current Affairs. We have seen that the later wars of Jahangir were fought by prince Khurram, similarly, the later wars of Shah Jahan were fought by Aurangzeb. Sikandar Lodi was the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty and became Sultan after the death of his father Bahlul Khan Lodi on July 17, 1489. Shah Jahan’s North-West Frontier Policy. Aurangzeb appointed Murshid Quli Khan [ citation needed ] to extend to the Deccan the zabt revenue system used in northern India. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. Jahangir fought against Malik Amber of Ahmadnagar. ShahJahan was given the name of Mumtaz Mahal (Ornament of the Palace) when Prince Khurram acceded the throne an… Deccan Policies Shah Jahan was not known for his political ventures as he kept the same policies that earlier Mughal emperors had established. He was born as Prince Khurram on 5th January 1592, to Emperor Jahangir and his second wife, Jagat Gosini (a Rajput Princess). Shah Jahan ruled India during the golden age of Mughal art an architecture. Thus the motive behind his policy was political. The leaders of the anti-Mughal group including Murari Pandit were displaced and killed and a new agreement was made with Shah Jahan. 9.0 OBJECTIVES. Shah Jahan was more radical in … His successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, made considerable additions to the Mughal province of the Deccan. There are different levels of Wali depending on the extent of love and unity with the Almighty that they feel and exhibit in their behaviour. 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