He created a separate department for conversion of people of other faiths to Islam. It also adversely affected the fate of the empire. If prepared well, the subject can help candidates score well in GS Paper I also. In 1679 A.D., Aurangzeb imposed Jizya on the Hindus. So Manifest aims to convert this aspiration into reality and give sufficient content for this â¦ He, therefore, succeeded in strengthening the Mughul empire. . 30.1 INTRODUCTION. The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbarâs period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbarâs movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state which they refused. He attempted to befriend them so as to convert them as loyal servants of the throne. The phase of the re-imposition of jizya was a period of growing political and economic difficulties for Aurangzeb, with internal unrest of Jats, Satnamis and Sikhs; political oppression of Afghans and Marathas; climaxed by rebellion on the part of the old, established allies, the Rathors of Marwar; and foreign threat i.e. His father was Sunni while his mother and his protector, Bairam Khan were Shias. Thus Mughal suzerainty was accepted but neither side was satisfied with the agreement and the issue could not be resolved. He also participated in the festivals of the Parsis. He even gave Jagirs to temples. His place in history does not depend upon his initiating a policy of religious toleration or neutrality.”. He desired to convert this Dar-ul-harb (India) into the realm of Dar-ul-Islam. “The sixteenth century is a century of religious revival in the history of the world. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. The member of this order observed certain following rules: (i) They saluted each other with the words Allah-o-Akbar and Jall-e-Jalal- e-Hu. Therefore, his period of rule cannot be regarded as the period of religious intolerance though this is quite clear that, certainly, his policy had inclined towards bigotry as compared to the policy of his father and grandfather. Aurangzeb, the last Great Mughal emperor had died and left his Empire in chaos. . From the discussion above given, it is clear that the Mughals succeeded in maintaining a controlled frontier in the north-west, based on the Hindukush, on the one side, and the Kabul-Ghazni line, on the other. Lal has beautifully summed up the case of Akbar thus: “He lived and died a good Muslim, but some books and many articles say that it was Aurangzeb who was a good Muslim, and Akbar was not, and whatever good or bad Aurangzeb did was due to his religious piety. Polity Bharat Ka Samvidhan: Ek Parichaya: Ek Parichaya (Hindi), Sansar डेली करंट अफेयर्स, 30 November 2020 - Sansar Lochan, Life of Basava and Shakti Vishishtadvaita Philosophy, Causes of the Downfall of the Mughal Empire, Reforms of Alauddin Khilji : Administrative, Military, Revenue & Economic, Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization : Salient Features, Lord Curzon : Reforms and the administrative measures, Lord Ripon (1880-1884) – A well-meaning Governor-General, Itolizumab (rDNA origin) – A Monoclonal Antibody | UPSC, Know about Hagia Sophia Controversy | UPSC, Administration of Lord Lytton (1876-1880). He was very much particular about his daily prayers and fast of Ramzan. Aurangzeb completely reversed the religious policy of Akbar. By coming in their contact, Akbar developed faith in the Hindu principles of Karma and transmigration of soul. Therefore, he tried to conquer rest of the independent states in India. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century: Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb; The Empire and the Zamindars; Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb; Nature of the Mughal State; Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts; The Ahom Kingdom; Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom. Shah Jahan respected Hindu scholars. Because of its influence Akbar started respecting Sun and fire. All Hindu kings, Brahmanas and even the poor Hindus were asked to pay it which had no precedent. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 4 times. … To his great empire his devoted zeal was an unmitigated curse.”. The only cause of it was his religious zeal. It resulted not only in the failure of Aurangzeb but also participated in the downfall of the empire itself. He had rebuked prince Aurangzeb because of his ill-treatment of the Rajputs. People of all faiths i.e., Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Parsis, Jains were allowed to construct buildings for purpose of their worship, to propagate their faith peacefully and celebrate their religious fairs and festivals. The defence of the north-western frontier was neglected and the material resources of the empire dwindled till they ceased to suffice for its need.”. In no way Akbar felt displeased with Raja Bhagwan Das and Raja Man Singh who had refused to become its members. He was a liberal man and therefore, was tolerant towards every faith. He established a separate department for this purpose. . During early years of his reign, he exhibited fanaticism also. He says that in fact it was Babur who started the policy of religious tolerance in India and emphasized on cultural integration through the administration. D, ASM, TTE), Food Sub Inspector, WB Police, â¦ He, therefore, remained liberal in its propagation. were patronized at his court. Raja Jaswant Singh and Raja Jai Singh were well rewarded by him. India experienced an awakening that quickened her progress and vitalized her national life. The same way, he got a cow killed after his conquest of the fort of Kangra, threw away the idol of Varaha at Ajmer into a pond and closed Christian churches when he was at war with the Portuguese. Rajputs became his relatives. If he did not get success in creating a nation, it was because he could not hurry the march of events. Rajput policy; Evolution of religious and social outlook, the theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy; Court patronage of art and technology; Also Read : UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus 2021: An In-depth Explanation of UPSC IAS Syllabus. Therefore, he could not get the services of talented persons from among them also. He believed in the unity of God. He could not justify himself as a good ruler or an administrator. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century: â Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. But, these instances are examples of his occasional frenzy. He further writes- “His (Akbar’s) problem was how he could bring together into one fold people who believed in his philosophy of Suleh Kul (peace with all), and his answer was Din-i-Ilahi.” Abul Fazl became the chief priest of this organisation. Two of his sons were killed in fighting and two others were buried alive in the wall. Aurangzeb’s greatest weakness was that he regarded his own religion as the only true one and tried to convert all others to his faith. Sher Shah was an Afghan ruler. Temples in Banaras, Allahabad, Gujarat and Kashmir were broken during his reign. Sharma also writes- “There is no evidence of his ever having destroyed a Hindu temple or otherwise persecuted the Hindus on account of their religion.”. To provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and about... 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