ahmad shah durrani

All results for Ahmad Shah Durrani. Dia kehilangan ayahnya selama masa kecilnya. He then took Kabulfrom the local ruler, thus strengthening his hold over eastern Khorasan, comprising most of present-day Afghanistan. Hal ini mendorong Nader Shah untuk merebut kembali Mashad dan juga ikut campur dalam perebutan kekuasaan Harat. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. Before an outbreak of cholera among his troops forced his return to Afghanistan, Aḥmad married Ḥazrat Baygam, daughter of the Indian Mughal emperor Muḥammad Shah. Travel writer and explorer, Tahir Shah heads off to Afghanistan on a quest to find the hidden treasure of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the world's largest treasure estimated at over $500 billion in today's currency. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He is buried in a mausoleum in Kandahar. Pada Juni 1729, pasukan Abdali di bawah Zulfiqar menyerah kepada Nader Shah Afshar, penguasa baru Persia. In 1772, Ahmad Shah retired to his home in Maruf in the mountains east of Kandahar, where he died in October the sa… This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ahmad-Shah-Durrani, Indianetzone - Biography of Ahmad Shah Abdali. Coin of Ahmad Shah Durrani, minted in Shahjahanabad (Delhi).jpg 800 × 386; 112 KB Coronation of Ahmad Khan Abdali in 1747.jpg 569 × 365; 73 KB Coronation of Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747 by Breshna.jpg 800 × 480; 139 KB Head of the central government, with full control of all departments of state in domestic Mereka kemudian dijadikan tahanan politik oleh Hussain Hotak, penguasa Ghilji dari region Kandahar. Respondent Ashraf Durrani is the son of Ahmad Shah's another son Shahzada Hamdam Durrani. Aḥmad Shah Durrānī, (born 1722?, Multan, Punjab [now in Pakistan], or Herāt [now in Afghanistan; see Researcher’s Note])—died October 16/17, 1772, Toba Maʿrūf, Afghanistan), founder of the state of Afghanistan and ruler of an empire that extended from the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River) to the Indian Ocean and from Khorāsān into Kashmir, the Punjab, and Sindh. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …way to Nādir Shah was Aḥmad Khan, a member of the relatively small Sadozai lineage of Abdālī (Durrānī). After his Persian overlord was murdered he threw off the yoke of oppression and declared an independent Afghan state for his people. Ahmad Shah Abdali, later known as Ahmad Shah Durrani, was the founder of modern Afghanistan. Halaman ini terakhir diubah pada 7 Mei 2020, pukul 05.10. Ahmad Shah Durrani, the man unanimously known by Afghans as ‘Baba’ or ‘Father’, single-handedly creating the modern nation-state of Afghanistan. However, the Hotak dynasty came to a complete end in 1738 after being toppled and banished by the Afsharids who were led by Nader Shah Afshar of Persia. His trajectory took him into conflict with…. He was crowned in 1747 near Kandahar, where coins were struck in his name and where he set up his capital. Pada bulan Juli 1730, dia mengalahkan Ibrahim Khan, seorang komandan militer dan saudara laki-laki Nader Shah. Join Facebook to connect with Ahmad Shah Durrani and others you may know. Ahmad Shah began his military conquest by capturing Ghazni from the Ghilzai Pashtuns. Setelah pembunuhan Nader Shah Afshar pada tahun 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani terpilih sebagai Raja Afghanistan. Ahmad Shah Durrani was attempting to form alliance of muslim Central Asian khanates and Kazaks in order to mount military campaign against the Qing expansion into Central Asia. Supported by most tribal leaders. Facebook gives people the power to share … Retreive Uncommon facts...Thanks Ahmed Shah Abdali also known as Ahmad Shah Durrani, sometimes also Ahmad Shāh Bābā, was the founder of the Durrani Empire of Kandahar and is therefore often regarded as the founder of modern Afghanistan. Corrections? Then in 1756–57, in what was his fourth invasion of India, Ahmad Shah sacked Delhi and plundered Agra, Mathura, and Vrndavana. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [15] Ayah Abdali menjadi "tahanan Persia selama bertahun-tahun" di Kirman sebelum dibebaskan dari penjara pada tahun 1715. Head of the central government, with full control of all departments of state in domestic and foreign affairs, both civil and military, the shah was assisted by a prime minister and a council of nine life-term advisers that he selected from the chiefs of the leading Afghan tribes. To get better results, add more information such as Birth Info, Death Info and Location—even a guess will help. After his Persian overlord was murdered he threw off the yoke of oppression and declared an independent Afghan state for his people. Ahmad Shah Durrani was a Afghan chieftain who rose to prominence leading Persian armies to victory. It has been described in the following way: In his tomb his epitaph is written: Ahmad Shah's victory over the Marathas influenced the history of the subcontinent and, in particular, British policy in the region. Leadership of the various Afghan tribes rested mainly on the ability to provide booty for the clan, and Ahmad Shah proved remarkably su… He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. disintegrating his reign, he built a vast empire that stretched from eastern Persia to northern India and from the Amu Daring to the Indian Ocean Abdali was also a … [1][2][3][4] Dia memulai kariernya dengan mendaftar sebagai tentara muda di kemiliteran Kerajaan Afshariyah dan dengan cepat naik menjadi seorang komandan Resimen Abdali, sebuah kavaleri dari empat ribu prajurit Abdali Pashtun. Afghanistan led by Ahmad Shah Durrani is a custom civilization by JFD and Janboruta1, with contributions from Sukritact, Civitar, and SuperWaffle. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (sekitar 1722 – 16 Oktober 1772) (Pashtun: احمد شاه دراني), juga dikenal sebagai Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), adalah pendiri Kekaisaran Durrani dan dianggap sebagai pendiri dari negara modern Afghanistan. Despite the ethnic divisions and the almost constant state of imperial war, the first Afghan state began to take shape in the late 1700s under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Durrani (r. 1747-1772), who established a kingdom based in Kandahar that managed to … This mod requires Brave New World and works best with Gazebo's Community Patch. He adopted the title Durr-i Durrān (“Pearl of Pearls”). Under their leader Zaman Khan, father of Ahmad Khan. Ahmad Shah enlisted as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly rose to become a commander of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers. His son Tīmūr remained behind as viceroy of the Punjab and married the daughter of India’s puppet emperor ʿĀlamgīr II. From 1722 to 1725, his son Mahmud Hotak briefly ruled large parts of Iran and declared himself as Shah of Persia. Ahmad Shah Durrani's biography and life story.Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded to be … Durrani died on 16 October 1772 in Kandahar Province.He was buried in the city of Kandahar adjacent to the Shrine of the Cloak, where a large tomb was built. Nadir Shah had five sons and the petitioners are the grandsons of his son, Omer Durrani. Orang Afghanistan sering menyebut dia sebagai Ahmad Shāh Bābā ("Ahmad Shah sang Bapak"). AHMAD SHAH DURRANI (1722-1772), aka Ahmed Shah Abdali the first of the Saddozai rulers of Afghanistan and founder of the Durrani empire, belonged to the Saddozai section of the Popalzai clan of the Abdali tribe of Afghans.. Kekaisaran Durrani (bahasa Pashtun: د درانیانو واکمني, juga disebut Kekaisaran Afghan) adalah monarki yang berpusat di Afganistan.Wilayahnya meliputi Afganistan, Iran timur laut, Pakistan, dan wilayah Punjab di India. Ahmad Shah Durrani died on 16 October 1772 in Kandahar Province. Ahmad Shah Durrani Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Setahun kemudian saudara laki-laki Nadir, Ibrahim Khan, menguasai Farah. Ahmad Shah Durrani is on Facebook. …Shah’s 4,000-man Afghan bodyguard was Aḥmad Khan Abdālī, who returned to Kandahār and was elected shah by a tribal council. Aḥmad Shah Durrānī, founder of the state of Afghanistan and ruler of an empire that extended from the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River) to the Indian Ocean and from Khorāsān into Kashmir, the Punjab, and Sindh. A member of the noble Sadōzai clan and the second son of Moḥammad Zamān Khan, a hereditary chief of the Abdālī tribe of Afghans, Aḥmad rose to command an Abdālī cavalry group under Nādir Shah of Persia, and, on Nādir Shah’s assassination, the Afghan chiefs elected Aḥmad as shah. After release from prison, he set off to Western India and met his relatives in Multan and according to some sources, Ahmad Shah was born in Multan. The Durrani dynasty (د درانيانو کورنۍ) was founded in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Kandahar, Afghanistan. [16], Para leluhur Durrani adalah orang Sadozai tetapi ibunya berasal dari suku Alakozai. Results 1-20 of 23,488. Ahmad Shah Durrani : biography 1722 – 16 October 1772 His successors, beginning with his son Timur and ending with Shuja Shah Durrani, proved largely incapable of governing the last Afghan empire and faced with advancing enemies on all sides. [15] Sebagai seorang pengungsi, dia "melakukan perjalanannya menuju India" dan bergabung dengan saudara-saudaranya di Multan. Pada Juli 1731, Zulfiqar kembali ke ibu kotanya Farah di mana dia telah menjabat sebagai gubernur sejak tahun 1726. After an unopposed march to Delhi in 1757, he plundered that city, Agra, Mathura, and Vrindavan. Records Categories. 1 Overview 1.1 Afghanistan 1.2 Ahmad Shah Durrani 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 Strategy 4 Music 5 Mod Support 5.1 Events and Decisions 5.2 … Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (Pashto: احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. Ahmad Shah Abdali was also known as Ahmed Shah Durrani or Ahmad Shah Abdali Durr-i-Durrani. Embarking on the conquest of regions held by ineffectual rulers, he invaded India nine times between 1747 and 1769, supposedly with no intention of founding an empire there. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [5], Setelah pembunuhan Nader Shah Afshar pada tahun 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani terpilih sebagai Raja Afghanistan. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. His refusal to continue his campaigns deeper into India prevented a clash with the East India Company and allowed t… In the 1760s he attempted four times to crush the Sikhs, but his empire was restive with serious revolts nearer home, and he lost control of the Punjab to them. [10] Banyak yang percaya dia lahit di Herat, Afghanistan. Dalam beberapa tahun, dia memperluas penguasaannya dari Khorasan di barat hingga Kashmir dan India Utara di timur, dan dari Amu Darya di utara hingga Laut Arab di selatan. Edit your search or learn more. Ahmad Shah Durrani is known in history as one of the prominent military leaders during the latter half of the 17th century.Durrani is also known as the founding father of what is now known as Afghanistan.He had two known partners in the course of his life; Hazrat Begum and Iffat-un-Nissa Begum. He was an ethnic Pashtun and was born as the second son of Mohammed Zaman Khan, chief of the Abdali tribe, in the city of Multan in 1723. Selama waktu ini Zulfiqar dan Durrani muda melarikan diri ke Kandahar di mana mereka berlindung dengan Ghiljis. Updates? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Namun, mereka segera memulai pemberontakan dan mengambil alih Herat serta Mashad. Much of the territory conquered by Ahmad Shah fell to others by the end of […] Menghimpun suku-suku dan sekutunya Afghanistan, dia bergerak ke timur menuju Kekaisaran Mughal dan Maratha di India, ke barat menuju Kekaisaran Afshariyah Persia yang hancur, dan ke utara menuju Kekhanan Bukhara. Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. Omissions? [1][4][11][12][13][14] Dia terlahir dengan nama Ahmed Khan. Terdapat beberapa perdebatan mengenai tempat lahir Durrani yang pasti. [3][6], Mausoleum Durrani terletak di Kandahar, Afghanistan, bersebelahan dengan Kherqa Sharifa di pusat kota. Sebagai seorang pengungsi, dia `` melakukan perjalanannya menuju India '' dan bergabung saudara-saudaranya! ” ), Mohammad Zaman Khan remained in Persian captivity before being elected king in 1747 near Kandahar where... 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