caste and varna

The instrument of Order: The original caste system was a measure to counter any kind of Autocratic or Theocratic rule. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). 2. Caste system or Varna system is an ancient classification of Hindus for the society in order to distinguish among one's qualities and functions. Caste system is based on rigid principles and mobility in the ladder is checked. Describe their characteristic features and critically examine the references available in Hindu Shastras in this connection. Thus, there were four Varnas. Define varna. And if you look at modern India or if you talk to modern … This would pre-resolve and avoid all forms of disputes originating from conflicts within business and encroachment on respective duties. v) The castes believe their origin to be in some first person of God. It is based on a closed type of stratification. Caste system is a phenomenon related to Hinduism in particular. 1. The caste system consists of two different concepts, Thus caste is based upon birth while Varna is on action. According to many historians, Karana was not a caste , it was a post on which Brahmins were placed to help king in ruling a country. A Brahmana is respected under the Varna System only if he has acquired knowledge and imparts it to others. Kshatriya king Yayati married the Brahaman Devayani while Dushyant married Shakuntala. 5. 2. We should not look at India’s current caste makeup as representing the original four Varna system, or its current caste problems as caused by the ancient Varna order. Castes are very large in number. Varna on the other hand belongs to SANATHANA DHARMA or Hindu religion. In the caste system an uneducated Brahman is respected while an educated Shudra is looked down upon. Although sometimes used to designate similar groups in other societies, the “caste system” is uniquely Caste discrimination is not permitted in gaining employment and access to educational and other opportunities. In the Padma Purana we have a mention of low born Vyas and Vaishya Vashistha becoming Brahamans. The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. A discussion of how varnas as described in the Rigveda and Bhagavad Gita relate to the notion of "caste" in modern India. Disclaimer 9. Content Guidelines 2. In Hinduism there exists four castes arranged in a hierarchy. ii) Members can not marry outside their own caste. Prohibited Content 3. NUMBER OF VARNA AND CASTE. Literal Distinction – Caste and Varna are completely different from each other. The caste system in ancient India had been executed and acknowledged during, and ever since, the Vedic period that thrived around 1500-1000 BCE. In the Mahabharata there is a mention of Devaki, Sidhudip and and Vithavya becoming Brahamans, and there are similar instances in the Bhagwat Purana. "Caste is not a physical object like a wall of bricks "or a line of barbed wire which prevents the Hindus "from co-mingling and which has therefore to be pulled down. 4. But this does not mean that caste is illegal or has faded away. With the acquisition of talents and virtues, an individual may improve upon his previous status and vice-versa. Caste system is a system much like western concept of racism where people are discriminated against due to their skin colour; similarly, in caste system, discrimination is done on the basis of birth i.e. As regards the mobility pattern Varna’s are relatively flexible, compared with the castes. 3. 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