Question 2. Personality and Character of Aurangazeb The Aryan invaders conquered India and created what is referred to as Classical Indian culture; putting and end to the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire. ... professional, political, institutional, religious or other) that a reasonable reader would want to know about in relation to the submitted work. 3. Many festivals were permitted to be celebrated in the Empire by Akbar, for example, Shivaratri, Dashara, Holi, Basant. The Khyber Pass along the Kabul- Qandhar route was the natural defence for the India and their foreign policy revolved around securing these outpost as also balancing the rise of powerful empires in the region. Deccan Policy of the Mughals – Political Condition. The powerful Uzbegs who held sway over central India sought an alliance of Sunni powers to defeat the Shia ruled Persia, but Mughals were too broadminded to be driven away by … This spirit of liberalism in a subordinate officer in the matter of personal rights of the non-Muslim subjects must have radiated from the centre. Akbar got the credit of being a national king. This policy was absent in Europe, where decrees were issued to seize lands belonging to the Protestant population in Prague by the Holy Roman Emperor. dc.title: The Religious Policy Of The Mughal Emperors dc.type: ptiff dc.type: pdf. His religious policy was responsible for turning the Rajputs, the Marathas and Sikhs into the enemies of Mughal empire. 2. “ for you there is your religion, and for me mine (Inkum dinkunm wa idin), if the laws were followed, it would have been necessary to annihilate all the Rajputs”. A close look at the central administration of the Mughals shows that the advisory councils were not restricted to the ministers, and high ranking nobles irrespective of their race and religion were instrumental in making and implementing them. Religious Policy of the Mughals. … Of course, in this endeavor he was not successful. It had also resulted in the rebellions of the Jats of Mathura and the Satnamis of Mewar. 4. Jain temples were built at Satrunjaya and Ujjain. 1. The religious policy in Mughal India considered from different angles offers a very interesting study. The second was the revolt of Khusro. Akbar followed the policy of religious toleration on account of the following major considerations: In the words of Dr. H.N. Iqtidar Alam Khan informs us that, “Barani leaves us in no doubt that in case of a conflict the state laws (i.e. Sharma, “He embarked on a campaign of complete destruction of the new temples of the Hindus.”. Christians were allowed to enjoy celebrations of the Michaelmas, Christmas, and Easter festivals and sometimes payments were made for these celebrations.”. ): The Mughal emperors usually combined religion and commerce by exporting valuable merchandise to Aden and Mokha, both Red Sea ports, and distributing the proceeds of the sales in charity to the keepers of shrines and religious men there. Aurangzeb's Policies and the Decline of the Mughal Empire - Volume 37 Issue 1. In particular, the rule of Akbar the Great. 6. In practice, many of the zawabit framed by Muslim rulers in India tended to dilute the impact of Islamic Shariat on the state. He destroyed famous Hindu temples, and forced people to convert to Islam. The Mughals also used their diplomatic foreign policy to promote India's commercial interests. The author informs us about a letter by Aurangzeb to one of his officials regarding the application of Sharia. 1. It is said that by the command of the emperor Babur, his governor Baqi Tashqandi built a mosque at Ayodhya by destroying an ancient temple which also marked the birth place of Rama whom the Hindus consider him as an incarnation of God. Though staunch Sunnis personally, Babur and Humayun were tolerant. His acts also were the reason that many Rajput principalities became a part of the Mughal Empire. To the Muslim as to the Hindu, it heralded the dawn of a new era, to the Muslim with the birth of the promised Mahdi, to the Hindu with the realization of the all-absorbing love of God.” The Bhakti cult and the Sufis preached religious toleration. For the entire period specified, let’s examine the rights of the non-Muslim population in India and let’s access it on the bases of different factors. The ideas of secularism, diversity, pluralism and tolerance, much preached by the West in our contemporary world, are the parameters they set for weighing different ages or rulers. Strength and prosperity of an empire depends upon unity of its people: Dr. V.A. The disintegration of the Mughal Empire followed rapidly after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. The state of religious policy during Aurangzeb can be determined by the words of M. L. Roy Choudhury, “ The year 1669 A.D. is a memorable year in the history of iconoclasm in India. The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. Impact of Religious Policy of Aurangzeb on Mughal Empire. With absolute power in his hands, the Mughal ruler had to depend on the support of a linguistically, religiously, and ethnically diverse nobility for the success of their policies. But beginning in 1658, Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb really began to persecute anyone who wasn’t a Muslim, just the way people did further west. Jahangir continued his father’s practice of permitting non-Muslims to build places of worship. Jahangir was the fourth ruler of the Mughal Empire. For the fault of a Brahman in Benares who used to attract both Hindu and Muslim students, Aurangzeb ordered the closing of all schools and stopped attendance of the Hindus and Muslims in the same school.”. The last Mughal Emperor’s policy of intolerance towards the religious plurality is what led to the fragmentation of this cohesive system, which continues to deteriorate to this day. Jahangir married Nur Jahan, “Light of the World”, in 1611. Religious policy of the Mughul emperors, from Babur to Aurangzeb, has provided an ideal for the ruling class of India, viz., the ruling class of India should pursue a policy of religious toleration and equality. ... Akbar commissioned the illustrations of several literary and religious texts. According to Khafi Khan, Shah Jahan, issued an order prohibiting employment of Hindus in services. (3) The present Ram Janmabhoomi—Babri Masjid controversy which has done great damage to the Hindu-Muslim relations is the outcome of Babur’s legacy. Babur and Humayun had no time to pursue a … The Mughals had a highly centralized form of government. The two religious groups that the Mughal empire had to keep peacebetween were the Hindus and Muslims. This might have been adopted due to two reasons. However one may try to be objective, one’s vision still remains coloured according to one’s prejudiced approach on account of the influence exercised by vested interests. He also continued to follow the policy of resistance towards the Mughals. Episode 14 leaves the West and heads to 16th and 17th Century India and the Mughal empire. The Safavids, who claimed a special position by virtue of their relationship with the Prophet and. Temples in Banaras, Allahabad, Gujarat and Kashmir were broken during his reign. (ii) Jahangir got a cow killed after his conquest of the Kangra fort. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Culprits who accepted Islam were left free. In the words of Dr. R.P. Mewar was the only Rajput territory that had not submitted to the Mughals. Several taxes including ‘Jazia’ were imposed on the Hindus. 428: Northern India in the First Half of the . Question 5. Akbar, a great Mughal Emperor was known for his (a) tolerant religious policy (b) good administration (c) economic reforms and works (d) all of these Answer: all of these. He invited a large number of painters from different parts of the country to his court. We see the Mughals adapting to the practice of the Mongolian Empire when they allow open practice of religion in return that they pray for the well-being of the Empire as well. Search. But at the same time, many resisted the Mughals. The dominant note of this awakening was love and liberalism—love that united man to God and therefore to his brother man and liberalism, born of this love that levelled down the barrier of caste and creed, and took its stand on the bedrock of human existence and essence of all religions—Universal Brotherhood. He also took politically calculated moves in order to maintain his affinity towards his non-Muslim subjects as well. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, North-Western Policy of the Mughal Emperors, Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors | Indian History, The Religious Policy of Aurangzeb and its Effects, Akbar’s Religious Views and His Policy towards Hindus, Foreign Policy of the Mughals and their Relations with Central Asia, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Been the ruler in place of Islamic doctrine because Jahangir needed support the... To extend their influence over many kings and chieftains many grants both cashes and lands to priests and scholars Banaras. Developments show us the practical nature of the Michaelmas, Christmas, and religious were other causes for destruction... Against Medini Rai of Chanderi of course, in this endeavor he not. 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