arkansas river valley history

The area gets its name from the Arkansas river that traverses the region. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. His fort was soon attacked by a competing trader, William Bent, manager of a nearby stockade built by Bent, St. Vrain & Company, who attacked Shoshone Indians trading at Gantt's Fort, killing a few and driving them away. Cities such as Booneville, Clarksville, Morrilton, Paris, and Perryville serve as cultural and economic centers within the rural counties of the River Valley.[17]. However, the railroad's prominence declined during the Great Depression, shrinking Altus's economy and population. The river is 1,460 miles long and flows across three states before making its way into Arkansas. [5], Hernando de Soto became the first European explorer to enter Arkansas in 1541. [7] Since settlement, the River Valley had been a largely cashless society with significantly less reliance on slave labor compared to plantation agriculture areas like the Arkansas Delta and elsewhere in the Deep South. Arkansas River Camp on the Santa Fe Trail. Colorado -- History. Mining became prominent by 1873, especially around the Altus area. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items; Find a copy online. Links to this item. It enters Kansas in Hamilton County, traversing more than 300 miles before snaking its way into northern Oklahoma to Tulsa and making its way to Arkansas. Of note is the photographic archive, waterway memorabilia, the collection of Native American artifacts collected along the Arkansas, and a motorized model of a Lock and Dam. Over the years, the water flow in the Arkansas River has gradually diminished as farmers in eastern Colorado and western Kansas have diverted the flow for irrigation purposes. A host of regional and local history museums preserve and interpret the history and culture of the River Valley's early settlers, small towns, historic events, and rural residents. [3] Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Yell County near the Arkansas and Petit Jean Rivers. 6: PnFIM ll . The river here is narrow and fast as it transverses mountain scenery. Indicative of the disarray, Radical Republican Governor Powell Clayton declared martial law in ten counties following reelection in 1868. Mount Bethel Winery has been in operation for over 100 years, and offers a tasting, tour and gift shop for visitors. People have used the hot springs here for more than two hundred years to treat illnesses and to relax. The Arkansas River Valley (usually shortened to River Valley) is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. Global Village Day at Heifer International, October. Internet Archive. 0 Reviews . It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Flores, Dan L., ed. O.L. No need to register, buy now! The Spaniard called the Arkansas the “Napestle” for its mudd… Car show and festival entertainment. After your whitewater rafting or kayaking trip enjoy excellent fishing, hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, zip lining, camping, backpacking and much more. Details. In the Pre-Colonial era, the River Valley was inhabited by Native American tribes, including Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Tunica, and Quapaw tribes. Coal mining was an important industry in the River Valley's early history. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains,[1] the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. The White River is a 722-mile (1,162 km) river that flows through the U.S. states of Arkansas and Missouri. Arkansas River Valley -- Biography. Many parts of Arkansas had descended into lawlessness and violence between whitecapping groups (including the Ku Klux Klan), freedmen, Republicans, and unaffiliated bandits taking advantage of the chaos. The earliest account of this river is to be found in the narratives of the Coronado Expedition of 1540-1541, in which the river was given the name “St. At around 29 million years ago, the Arkansas River valley formed. The Greenwood Performing Arts Center has over 1,000 seats and is used for various performances in the city. Page 81. The River Valley is home to several annual cultural events, including art, history, music, and traditional heritage festivals. The Arkansas River Valley (usually shortened to River Valley) is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. Our cookies are delicious. Dill.--Ten mile region.--History of El Paso County, by A.Z. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items; Find a copy online. Ozark Lake, formed on the Arkansas River southwest of Mulberry, is surrounded by a WMA, The United States Forest Service operates both the Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark National Forest within the region, offering trails, camping, and fishing over thousands of acres of public land. The Post Winery has been in the Post family for five generations. Near Booneville, Blue Mountain Lake offers a variety of recreational opportunities. The Blue Mountain Wildlife Demonstration Area is a bird-dog field training center of international renown. This culture lives on today in the five vineyards still in operation. Selected pages. Eventually, a preference for mixed farming emerged, including potatoes and other garden vegetables, to protect against a poor cotton crop sending a farm into economic ruin.[13]. Near Clarksville, the Spadra Waterfront Marina offers RV camping, boat rentals, and guided trips along Spadra Creek. In 1819 the Adams-Onís Treaty established the Arkansas River as part of the frontier between the United States and Spanish Mexico, which it remained until the annexation of Texas and Mexican-American War in 1846. The river is navigable by barges and large river craft to Muskogee, Oklahoma; however above Muskogee, the waterway is navigable only by small craft such as rafts or canoes. [11] Several of the River Valley's small towns were founded by these groups, beginning as small clusters of immigrants and evolving into cohesive communities. Joiner, Gary. Temperatures are generally warmer than in the Ozarks and cooler than Central Arkansas, although the wide variance in elevation in the River Valley can create locally different climactic conditions. The Central Collegiate Institute was established in Altus in 1876 (now known as Hendrix College in Conway) and Hiram and Lydia College in 1890 (which went defunct in 1906). The River Valley contains a large quantity of protected areas, with broad diversity across the region and several different managing agencies. Two major yard-sale events, Bargains Galore on Highway 64 and Big To Do on Highway 22, happen annually in the River Valley. Due to the climate, fertile soil and immigrants accustomed to wine with their meals, several wineries were established in the River Valley. Once it exits the mountains and … Emerson.--History of Fremont County, by B.F. The western portion of the River Valley (i.e., around Fort Smith) is situated near an area known as Tornado Alley in the central United States. At its headwaters, the Arkansas River runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping about 4,600 feet, creating The Numbers and Brown’s Canyon near Buena Vista, Colorado and the Royal Gorge at Canon City, Colorado, which see extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. The state operates four parks within the region: Lake Dardanelle State Park, Mount Magazine State Park, Mount Nebo State Park, and Petit Jean State Park. Colorado -- Biography. The Mississippi River and Expansion of America, Your email address will not be published. Ohio River Valley Arts Center offers visual Arts as well as art classes and infrequent performances and,. Valley contains a large quantity of protected areas, with broad diversity across the region, many only! This Item throughout the River Valley formed Plains, taking an eastward course as humans have inhabited area. 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