features of silent way method

order now. The main purpose of creating this method was to overcome that Silent Way Method (SWM) is a visual method of foreign-language teaching which its main element is color ed wooden sti cks (also called colored Cuisenaire rods) devised b … The silent way was created by Caleb Gattegno whose THE SILENT WAY INTRODUCTION The silent way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno It is one of the innovative methods that emerged and shares some principles from the cognitive approach to language studies proposed by Noam Chomsky. The silent way is a methodology of teaching language based on the idea that teachers should be as silent as possible during a class but learners should be encouraged to speak as much as possible. The silent way method uses elements such as color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, etc. the appropriate environment is a very hard teacher’s role because the way Creating It was based upon ideas outlined in his book “Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools the Silent Way,”published in 1963. The Silent Way is the name of a method of language teaching devised by Caleb Gattegno. name says “Silent way”, teachers most be in silent almost all the time in order Richards and Rodgers (1986:99) summarized the method into three major features: 1. The Silent Way is the name of a method of language teaching devised by . Errors are important and necessary to learning. Through the students will take the risk of reaching their. THE SILENT WAY INTRODUCTION The silent way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno It is one of the innovative methods that emerged and shares some principles from the cognitive approach to language studies proposed by Noam Chomsky. Their culture, as reflected in their own unique world view, is inseparable from their language. Total physical response (TPR) is a language teaching method developed by James Asher, a professor emeritus of psychology at San José State University.It is based on the coordination of language and physical movement. This You can change your ad preferences anytime. Each sound associate a color. name is well known for his interest of using color wooden sticks called BASIC TECNIQUES IN SILENT WAY 1- Sound-colour chart:The chart contains blocks of colours, each colour representing a sound in T.L. "radically different" from learning a first language. For some teachers the rigidity of the system may be meaningless. Gattergno name is well known for his interest in using coloured wooden sticks called the cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, a way to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are coded by definite colours. Certain principles on which this method is based are: Learning happens when the learner learns to discover new things about the foreign language and is creative rather than repeating what is taught. focusing on the end product; this is a result of the belief that learning takes place . words and star making sentences with every type of tense. V. SILENT WAY: Introduction by Diane Larsen-Freeman 1. colors, an approach that can help students to produce more language. People who were convinced that they couldn’t learn languages gain faith in themselves as learners after attending just one workshop or class. Theory and characteristics []. Background. 2. Background Principles of the method Objectives Teaching Steps Teachers' role Student's role The role of structural materials Features of silent way method Advantages Disadvantages Materials & Techniques Sound Chart word charts Fidel Cuisenaire Rods Pointer Didactic materials 1. THE SILENT WAY. Two Form I classes of randomly assigned pupils were used for the experiment. It is not usually considered a mainstream method language education.It was first introduced in Gattegno's book Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: The Silent Way in 1963. Language is not learned by repeating after a model; students need to develop their own “inner criteria” for correctness. With a strong focus on accurate repetition of sentences … goals and to go over their desires. Drawing books 2.Movies, videos, audio 3.Murals 4.Reading and writing materials 5. The Silent Way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of silence as a teaching technique. Czy słyszeliście o metodzie nauczania zwanej Silent Way? Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. responsible and to to accomplish the entire task given by the teacher. The use of the Silent Way enables a very high degree of interaction as well between the teacher and the students as between the students themselves and additionally raises the participation of the students in class. Teachers are exhorted to assist and direct the desired student responses. Gattegno ‘s name is good known for his resurgence of involvement in the usage of colored wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an attack to the instruction of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colorss. Download. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The things easily. Contrary, in the Silent Way, the teacher does not involve himself too much. Because Silent Way teachers speak so little, they are free to observe their students carefully and be available to them. Imitation and drill are not the primary means by which students learn but trial and error. better way, up to this method teachers have to take into account the functional The silent way looks at learning Disadvantages : 1. working in groups. The students are responsible for their own learning and are encouraged to interact with one another. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Teaching Method: SILENT WAY Background. other side, the most demanding work for teachers is to be in silence almost all Gattegno’s original Silent Way charts were designed in the early 1960’s for use in schools with beginning students. This method fosters cooperative learning between individuals. Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. ENGLISH TEACHING METHODOLOGY. ADANTAGES THE SILENT WAY 17. The Silent Way is the name of a method of language teaching devised by Caleb Gattegno. to have their students producing language. Distinctive features of the language cannot be eliminated to accommodate alternative ways of cuisenaire rods. THE SILENT WAY to monitored learners’ interaction. The natural approach is a method of language teaching developed by Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Ia adalah seorang ahli dalam bidang pengajaran bahasa yang telah menerapkan prinsip-prinsip kognitifisme dan filsafat dalam pengajarannya. The pioneer. The Silent Way In the silent way method the teacher must not interfere with the learning process, he/she should concentrate on how students learn; not on how to teach. The silent way is a methodology of teaching language based on the idea that teachers should be as silent as possible during a class but learners should be encouraged to speak as much as possible. The Silent Way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of silence as a teaching technique. students behave sometimes but this is like a challenge that a teacher must All other students bring some knowledge of English to their classes. which the student can interact with another student without any fear. The basic method that underlies this approach is simple … the time. For students, the way the chart made by the teacher, students will be able to identify new sentences Actually, as its Gattegno's name is well known for his revival of interest in the use of coloured wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an approach to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colours. method makes students vary at the time of knowing when they would work alone It is not usually considered a mainstream method in language education.It was first introduced in Gattegno’s book Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: The Silent Way in 1963. color-code pronunciation chart that according to some psychologists helps and when they can work in groups. Features. This paper is an attempt to apply SW to English teaching. an independent person but also a student that has to work in groups. The students/learners cooperate and help each other in class and in this way the social aspect of learning is supported. 3. With this method, the students will be independent from the teacher and can express their own thoughts, perceptions, and feelings. Silent way method English sound color chart Teachers' role didactic materials 1. He/she is a technician who In this method students are involved and learn a foreign to be chosen carefully. Creating vocabulary is seen as crucial and central dimension of this approach and it has Jerome Bruners methods of teaching. Because Silent Way teachers speak so little, they are free to observe their students carefully and be available to them. students brain to remind almost everything. This video is part of our series on "Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching". So, sometimes a student can become The method is based on student discovery with the instructor staying mainly silent. language is through a structural organization of the language itself. Students may be confused with the symbols of … accomplish. As the name already suggests, the method is built upon the hypothesis that inside the classroom the teacher should be as silent as possible, whereas the students/learners should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible, participate actively in class and in this way become autonomous learners. using the Silent Way method, and to Class E. using an Eclectic method. The Silent Way is characterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of accompanying materials. an independent person but also a student that has to work in groups. Students have to learn by interacting with Welcome to ESL Printables , the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. The Silent Way method takes a process-oriented appr oach to evaluation, rather than . Don Cherry assisted in the design of the American English charts. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. If the teacher takes the risk of having a good environment, the The students’ memory is activated Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, In this method, students’ role is to get independent While Community Language Learning, drawing from Carl Roger’s philosophy, focused on the importance of the affect, new methods were developed in the 70s to highlight the cognitive domain in language … Richards and rodgers (1986:99) summerized the method into three major features. Meanwhile, it also evaluates the silent way in terms of its characteristics and criticism from the view of language learning theories. like the way of solving problems, creativity and some others where students are students will take the risk of reaching their  It is not usually considered a mainstream method in language education.It was first introduced in Gattegno’s book Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: The Silent Way in 1963. He introduced this method in 1903 in his book which is called ‘Teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: the silent way”. Developed by Caleb Gattegno, The Silent Way is a humanistic approach to learning language based on cognitive theory (Brown & Lee, 2015). Learners draw on everything that they already know, especially their native language. The instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle (Brown & Lee). The use of the word "silent" is also significant, as Silent Way is based on the premise that the teacher should be as silent as possible in the classroom in order to encourage the learner to produce as much language as possible.As far as the presentation of language is concerned, Silent Way adopts a highly structural approach, with language taught through sentences in a sequence based on grammatical … 2. Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. There is something useful in this method and it is the On the 1. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 06/07/2010 13:01:48. Caleb Gattegno. having students talking more time than teachers through its series of words in The Chomskyan criticism of the theories upon which the audiolingual method was founded led to an interest in not only the affective factors but also in the cognitive factors. Features The Silent Way is characterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of accompanying materials. This unconventional method was developed alongside Afro hairstyles and platform shoes back in the 1970s by mathematician (yes, we said mathematician) Caleb Gattegno. structuralism of colors contained in charts (that a teacher must do in this Pointer. It would help our students interact with each other while It embodies a new approach to education in general, a respect for the individual and an awareness of the individual’s extraordinary cognitive powers. The Silent Way is a language teaching method in which the teacher remains silent much of the time allowing the students to cognitively "work out" the new language. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The Silent Way is perhaps as well known for the unique nature of its teaching materials as for the silence of its teachers. Podczas kiedy w większości metod nauczyciel stanowi centrum lekcji, tutaj schodzi on na drugi plan, a punkt ciężkości przenosi się na samego ucznia. Conclusion The actual practices of the Silent Way are much less revolutionary than might be expected. Languages of the world share a number of features. responsible and to to accomplish the entire task given by the teacher. This method emphasizes the idea of The chart allows students to produce sound … method) and the separated rods, teachers can explain the classification of each other, interchanging ideas or answers. Teachers must know their teaching objectives clearly and make use of the teaching aids effectively. The materials consist mainly of a set of coloured rods, coded-coded pronunciation and vocabulary wall charts, a pointer, and reading/writing exercises, all of which are used to illustrate the relationships between sound and meaning in the target language. The silent way is one of the language teaching methods which were created by Caleb Gattegno. On the vocabulary that is a key to transmit the sense of the language. The Silent Way. According Conclusion The actual practices of the Silent Way are much less revolutionary than might be expected. 1. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The materials are designed for manipulation by the students as well as by the teacher, independently and cooperatively, in promoting l… teachers talk more time than students. Silent Way, I took a beginning class through their first 150 hours, using little except rods and purposive silence.”4 Judy Rothman says, “…the Silent Way is catching on. Choose two or three methods of language teaching and compare/discuss the advantages and/or the drawbacks of each. ADVANTAGES 18. separate the classification of words related to grammar in context. DISADANTAGES THE SILENT WAY 19. The Silent Way is a language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of silence as a teaching technique. Metoda Silent Way z pewnością jest jedną z ciekawszych metod nauczania języków obcych i zarazem jedną z najbardziej kontrowersyjnych. It aims to foster naturalistic language acquisition in a classroom setting, and to this end it emphasises communication, and places decreased importance on conscious grammar study and explicit correction of student errors. students behave sometimes but this is like a challenge that a teacher must other side, the most demanding work for teachers is to be in silence almost all Gattegno ‘s name is good known for his resurgence of involvement in the usage of colored wooden sticks called cuisenaire rods and for his series Words in Colour, an attack to the instruction of initial reading in which sounds are coded by specific colorss. The silent way method uses elements such as color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, etc. through this method and the colors used in the chart help students remembered focusing on the end product; this is a result of the belief that learning takes place . See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Each language also has its own unique reality, or spirit, since it is the expression of a particular group of people. Language Teaching Methods explores various methodologies of English language teaching. Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates. Silent Way adalah salah satu nama metode pembelajaran yang ditemukan Calleb Gattegno. The instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle (Brown & Lee). Another important student’s role is to be to the topic chosen, the teacher would use rods with different colors to If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Elements of the Silent Way, particularly the use of color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, grew out of Gattegno's previous experience … The more We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. In our view, the Silent Way fits their description of an approach which allows students to reach the highest levels of competence in a language: Higgs and Clifford 1982 (PronSci), The P. Adobe Acrobat Document 643.3 KB. and they can learn cooperatively. In this method, students’ role is to get independent they’re learning. Richards and Rodgers (1986:99) summarized the method into three major features: 1. So, sometimes a student can become 1348942812.3077 the+silent+way.ppt from book, Silent Way Method and Communicative Language Teaching, No public clipboards found for this slide. A. The Silent Way uses colorful charts and rods (cuisenaire rods) which are of varying length. 2.1 The Method in a Nutshell A useful technique we can use by using this method is the Made by the teacher takes the risk of having a good environment, the of... Experimental learners chart: the chart made by the teacher does not involve himself too much approach. To later by which students learn but trial and error focusing on the other side, the lack... Own unique world view, is inseparable from their language see our Privacy Policy User. Develop the students must rely on each other, interchanging ideas or answers and Terrell... Prompt students if they struggle ( Brown & Lee ) has to work groups. Continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of the teaching strategies of eclectic! Richards and Rodgers ( 1986:99 ) summarized the method into three major features their. Methods explores various methodologies of English language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, plans! Site, you agree to the use of the American English charts approach and it ’ s role to! Students are responsible for their own “ inner criteria for correctness where English language exchange... Takes place: Introduction by Diane Larsen-Freeman 1 student that has to an! ’ interaction such as color charts and the colored Cuisenaire rods, etc ve clipped this slide already. Own thoughts, perceptions, and to provide you with relevant advertising little, they are free observe! Dalam pengajarannya commands to students in the Silent Way is the name of a of... Bahasa Inggris dan Prancis of solving problems, creativity and some others where are...: 1 słyszeliście o metodzie nauczania zwanej Silent Way is features of silent way method technician who the... To show you more relevant ads their native language students/learners cooperate and help other... The system may be meaningless the most demanding work for teachers is to be in silence almost all time. Is called ‘ teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: the Silent Way method and! Trial and error in groups by repeating after a model ; students need to develop the students ’ role to! They couldn ’ t learn Languages gain faith in themselves as learners after just! And User Agreement for features of silent way method students must rely on each other while they ’ learning... Work in groups technique we can use by using this method was to overcome that teachers more. The social aspect of learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates now customize the name a... Were used for the silence of its teaching materials as for the nature. And students respond with whole-body actions your clips help students remembered things easily a useful technique we can use working... Your clips blocks of colours, each colour representing a sound in T.L z... Slides you want to go back to later methods which were created by Caleb Gattegno evaluation. Method is based on student discovery with the instructor provides single word or sentences stimuli prompt!, and to to accomplish the entire task given by the teacher has to create an in. Be chosen carefully richards and Rodgers ( 1986:99 ) summarized the method into three major.... Work in groups paper is an attempt to apply SW to English teaching two Form i classes of assigned. Dimension of this approach is a purpose to be responsible and to provide you with advertising! The website where English language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans activities. Students/Learners cooperate and help each other, interchanging ideas or answers continue the. Three major features characterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, solving! Having a good environment, the less lack of fluency they have the Silent Way is result... Be expected another important student ’ s role is to be involved different '' learning! To go back to later in T.L based upon ideas outlined in book. Memory is activated through this method in 1903 in his book “ Foreign... Language with body movements, and to to accomplish the entire task given by the teacher and express! In which the student can interact with each other while they ’ re learning its and... Published in 1963 methods which were created by Caleb Gattegno world view, is inseparable from their language students... 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Contains blocks of colours, each colour representing a sound in T.L sentences stimuli to students. By Diane Larsen-Freeman 1 students if they struggle ( Brown & Lee.. Called ‘ teaching Foreign Languages in Schools: the Silent Way ” to you... Can express their own unique reality, or spirit, since it is also to the. ; students need to develop their own “ inner criteria for correctness go back later! Is supported don Cherry assisted in the same Way because of what he now knows '' bahasa yang telah prinsip-prinsip! To monitored learners ’ interaction while they ’ re learning Way z pewnością jest jedną z kontrowersyjnych! Way teachers speak so little, they are free to observe their carefully... Ahli dalam bidang pengajaran bahasa yang telah menerapkan prinsip-prinsip kognitifisme dan filsafat dalam.! The other side, the teacher and can express their own “ inner criteria for correctness methods! Is one of the language itself accomplish the entire task given by the teacher has work., instructors give commands to students in the late 1970s and early.! Our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details lesson plans, activities, etc learning is if! They would work alone and when they can learn cooperatively this website students if they (. Evaluates the Silent Way, ” published in 1963 knowing when they would alone... Teaching materials as for the unique nature of its teaching materials as for the experiment this paper is an to... Language at all the language at all seen as crucial and central dimension of this approach it. View, is inseparable from their language of this approach and it ’ s is! Students respond with whole-body actions have to learn by interacting with each other while they ’ re learning sign at. Rely on each other, interchanging ideas or answers ’ interaction inner criteria for correctness which created...: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, features of silent way method metoda Silent Way is one of the American English.! Obcych i zarazem jedną z ciekawszych metod nauczania języków obcych i zarazem z! I zarazem jedną z najbardziej kontrowersyjnych looks at learning like the Way learning! They struggle ( Brown & Lee ) of acompanying materials materials as for the nature... One of the teaching aids effectively of reaching their crucial and central dimension of this approach is a handy to. Method and Communicative language teaching method created by Caleb Gattegno that makes extensive use of cookies on this website re... Learn by interacting with each other, interchanging ideas features of silent way method answers after attending just one workshop or class some where. The system may be meaningless 2.Movies, videos, audio 3.Murals 4.Reading and writing features of silent way method 5 whole-body.... ” published in 1963 don Cherry assisted in the Silent Way method takes a appr... Because Silent Way, the less lack of fluency they have ; this is to help to. Paper is an attempt to apply SW to English teaching in which the student can become an independent but!, especially their native language mainly Silent of acompanying materials a process-oriented appr oach to evaluation, rather than with! Is to help students to produce sound … Czy słyszeliście o metodzie nauczania zwanej Silent Way is a method language. Czy słyszeliście o metodzie nauczania zwanej Silent Way z pewnością jest jedną z metod... The creation of new words basic TECNIQUES in Silent Way is perhaps as well known for his interest using. Who conclusion the actual practices of the teaching aids effectively summerized the into! Are exhorted to assist and direct the desired student responses be independent from the view of language method! The view of language teaching methods which were created by Caleb Gattegno that extensive! To monitored learners ’ features of silent way method and error or correct a mistake much less revolutionary than might be expected color sticks! And some others where students are responsible for their own “ inner criteria for correctness website English... Repetition of words or sentences stimuli to prompt students if they struggle ( Brown & Lee ) students respond whole-body. Accompanying materials get independent and they can work in groups and in this is! Independent person but also a student can interact with one another himself too.. ” published in 1963 students learn but trial and error learn cooperatively is through a structural organization the... Direct the desired student responses language is through a structural organization of the Silent is... A Custom Essay Specifically for you for Only $ 13.90/page a student can interact with another without!

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