who was king david and why was he so important

Ally suffers from RSD and is passionate about God’s redemptive work in the lives of those who suffer from physical and emotional pain. It started with David’s adulterous affair with Bathsheba, … She gave birth to a son, and they named him Solomon” (v. 12:24). One might expect David to be jubilant about Saul’s death, but David truly never wanted Saul dead. 37:24). “Then David said to Nathan, 'I have sinned against the LORD.' He is known by many titles: David the conqueror, David the pious man, David the sweet singer, David the shepherd and David the penitent. Third, any loyalty of Joab to David is gone. (I Samuel 16:18). No doubt, he had many conversations with God while he was living alone in solitude. See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! God displays why He chose David over his more impressive brothers. Although presented just as flawed or sinful as the kings who preceded and followed him, in Judaism and Christianity, King David is presented in various books of the Bible (from where most information originates on him, currently) as a model king of piety, repentance, and submission as well a forerunner to the Messiah—the Jewish "anointed one" and champion. Once King Saul realized what has just happened, he weeps bitterly, finally self-aware that he has been unrighteous, blood-thirsty, and ungodly, whereas David has properly and mercifully showed himself to be worthy of being Israel’s next king. 1 Samuel 16:23 states, “Whenever the spirit from God came on Saul, David would take up his lyre and play. Then she went back home.” Unfortunately for the pair, Bathsheba becomes pregnant with David’s child. After David was anointed, 1 Samuel 16:13 states, “and from that day on the Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon David.”, The news for King Saul, however, is not at all positive. Photo Courtesy: Thinkstock/aradaphotography, Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions, A Prayer to Finish 2020 with Wisdom - Your Daily Prayer - December 26, 10 Best Bible Study Tools Articles of 2020, 10 False Versions of Jesus People Are Falling For. We can see proof of this in his writings in the Psalms. The Lord has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.’” (I Samuel 13:13-14). (I Kings 2:12). First, he was the great Torah scholar. In a contest for the best king of Israel, David would surely win. He saw his son Eliab. 2 Samuel 11:4 records, “Then David sent messengers to get her. The situation is delicate, at best. There are many answers that could be given that would not be wrong: David was courageous, he was passionate for the Lord, he was obedient to the Lord, he was a worshipper of God, he was repentant when he sinned, he had great character, and he had a zeal for building the Lord a house. Left dangling, Joab slays Absalom and buries his body in a deep pit in the wilderness. The Hebrew scriptures state that the Prophet Nathan went first to Bathsheba to alert her to Adonijah’s usurpation of the throne, who then went to her husband, King David, to break the troubling news to him. David was the youngest of Jesse’s eight sons. Nathan immediately pronounces judgment upon David, crying out, “You are the man!” (v. 12:7). And Nathan said to David, 'The LORD also has taken away your sin; you shall not die. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The nation of Israel was living in turbulent spiritual times. Hearing of this, Abram sets out to reclaim his relative and his possessions. Jesus Christ was called the Son of David, referring to the everlasting kingship of David's house, according to the Davidic covenant. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Not surprisingly, none of the Israelite warriors dared to fight him. It also pleased King Saul who basically adopted him into his family. David’s kingdom may have been a strong chiefdom or a kind of empire at this point, but it was still not well organized with a strong central administration. Everyone who knows the Bible knows that King David was a great man. In the relentless demands of obscurity, character is built. https://www.ancient.eu/King_David/. Although historians agree that David was probably a real person, there is little evidence of his life outside of the Bible. As with the death of King Saul, David is devastated by the news, but somewhat confused as to why Absalom was so treacherous and murderous toward David and his men. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. In bitter envy, Saul tries to kill David, whom he now sees as the enemy instead of a loyal servant. King David & Solomonby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). Saul began to experience periods of mental and emotional suffering, brought on by either a bipolar disorder or an evil spirit (according to the biblical text). Thank you! Born around 1000 BCE, David was the eighth son (and youngest) of Jesse, from the tribe of Judah. Although feminists claim that David forced Bathsheba, and traditionalists claim that Bathsheba seduced David, the truth is more one of mutual culpability except, perhaps, that as king and the model for the Law of God, David had a higher obligation to protect and not exploit Bathsheba. 10 Times Jesus Showed Up in the Old Testament and What They Reveal, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. “And it came about when Samuel was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel... His sons, however, did not walk in his ways…” (I Samuel 8:1,3), “Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah,  and said to him, "Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. David, second king of ancient Israel and an important figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. For now your kingdom shall not endure. Stunned, David is also met with news from an Amalekite (a descendant of Esau, son of Isaac the Patriarch) that the man killed Saul, taking his crown and armband for David. “...Your servant was tending his father’s sheep. Web. He spent hours alone tending sheep. Seeing the defeat of their army, the Israelites fled the region, opening up the lands to Philistine occupation and exploitation, which was later supported by the Philistine's use and smithing of iron. We also see from the many Psalms that David was a talented musician and a songwriter. The rest of 1 Samuel provides the details of an ongoing cat-and-mouse chase between Saul, who is desperately trying to kill David (and his forces) and David, who is desperately trying not to kill Saul, despite the urging of his friends and countrymen. '” (2 Samuel 12:13), Sadly, David and Bathsheba lost the child that she bore to David. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.” (I Samuel 16:13), According to Charles R. Swindoll, Josephus, the historian, says, “Samuel the aged whispered in his [David] ear the meaning of the symbol, ‘You will be the next king.’”. Born in 907 BCE, he reigns as king of Israel for 40 years, dying at age 70 in 837 BCE. Rather than be bitter or hate God, David got up and “he went into the house of the Lord and worshipped” (v. 12:20). The primary evidence for David’s career consists of several chapters of the books 1 and 2 Samuel in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). David’s initial zeal for God and for ethical integrity paved the way for his early fame and fortune, although being a man of warfare and blood (according to the scriptures), God decided that David was not suitable to be the one to build God’s temple (that would be placed in the hands of his son, Solomon). David was anointed as king while Saul was still on the throne. Phrases such as “root of Jesse” and … (I Kings 2:10-11), "And Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established." I cut off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. God called him "a man … Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Oct 2017. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Based on his appearance, he thought surely this is the LORD’s choice. They refused to listen to Samuel. Allyson Holland is a former Director of Ministry to Women and former board member for Thrive Ministry. Although David does not look like a king should look, he has the heart of a lion - a courageous spirit - and even more, a deep, unending love for God. Saul’s servants knew about David and they sent for him on Saul’s command to find someone who could play well. She is lifestyle blogger (allysonholland.com/blog), writes for Publishous, The Ascent, and has been a guest writer for Bible.org. Everywhere Saul sent him, he prospered. Saul has come to hate David more than he loves God—never a good condition to be in, biblically. King David, the Administrator. The promise that David's house and throne would be established eternally is important because it is a prophecy concerning the coming Messiah—specifically, that He would come from the house of David (Matthew 21:9). Moreover, David’s illicit affair and subsequent devious actions (leading to the assassination of Uriah the Hittite and its cover up) complicated the rest of his reign - along with the rape of Tamar, the murder of Amnon, and the attempted coup of Absalom, among other controversies. Two years later, though, Prince Absalom enacts his vengeance. Strange as it may seem, those who first accept the silence of obscurity are best qualified to handle the applause of popularity.” (Chuck Swindoll), Chuck Swindoll describes one of God’s favorite methods of training as monotony: “That’s being faithful in the menial, insignificant, routine, regular, unexciting, uneventful, daily tasks of life. David steps into the trap the Lord has laid for him and states, “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this must die! Not just any king, but a king worthy of becoming a foreshadow of the … Chosen by God “as a man according to His own heart”, David was tried in the school of suffering during the days of exile and developed into a military leader of renown. King David established Jerusalem as Israel's capital over 3,000 years ago. King David. He was a musician (I Samuel 16:16-23). Knox, John S. "King David." “Samuel said to Saul, ‘You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Why does David seem to be the most important king of Israel in the Bible, rather than Solomon? Written by John S. Knox, published on 18 October 2017 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. He came to the home of Jesse. David’s verbal response is as mocking as it is audacious—. He flees to Gershur and stays with his mother, Michal’s family there, and returns three years later with another plan to steal David’s throne. Last modified October 18, 2017. He pursued David for the rest of his life. A former shepherd, David was renowned for his passion for God, his touching psalms and musical abilities, his inspiring courage and expertise in warfare, his good looks and illicit relationship with Bathsheba, and his ancestral connections to Jesu… He was anointed by Samuel to be king of Israel. The book of 2 Samuel begins with David hearing the news that his best friend and God’s anointed king have been slaughtered by the Philistines. What Is the David Connection? Keep the charge of the Lord your God: to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the Law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn... for you are a wise man. Cite This Work 424 B.C.) Thus I have seen You in the sanctuary, To see Your power and Your glory. It became a standard poetic metaphor in the Bible. Additionally, survey data compiled by Avi Ofer in 1994 CE that suggest a doubling of 11th-Century BCE Judean population (particularly in Northern Israel),  and potential Jebusite fortresses that were discovered in excavations directed by Yigal Shiloh (1978-1985 CE) - both of which are discussed in the Old Testament - lend credence to the notion that David and the Kingdom of Israel were part of the region's historical and cultural existence. It is then that Jonathan finally comprehends how insane his father is with hatred for David. At least toward the end of David’s reign, there was a kind of cabinet in Jerusalem in which David’s general Joab played an important … He slowly declined until his life ended tragically and in disgrace. (I Samuel 18:7) He turned against David. You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. Related Content David was the most faithful to Jehovah God. 3 Reasons the 'Christmas Star' of 2020 Is Bringing So Much Hope, 10 Signs Your Marriage Is Built on Christ, Christmas Light Show Set To 'Mary Did You Know', Violinist Lindsey Stirling Performs 'Carol Of The Bells', 10 Ways to Sabotage Your Marriage (Without Realizing It), 5 Things Parents Should Know about "Soul", 9 Ways Grandparents Can Share Christmas This Year, Even from Far Away. The symbol’s association with King David comes mostly from Jewish legend. He learned the meaning of surviving in the wild. David was more than just a musician; he had the heart of a warrior and a set of shepherding skills on the masters’ level, especially when it came to the use of the sling. This is a great show of the power Abram had (see reference to his 318 trained fighting men), we sometimes for… King David. Saul’s madness still rages inside him, sadly, & continues to pursue David who, in another moment of opportunity, spares Saul’s life. Little is known about Nathan’s early life, though some Jewish sources, like Avrohom Bergstein in this article, indicate he may have studied either directly or indirectly under Samuel. Life without a break…without the wine and roses. Uriah, however, is too devoted and too lawful to squander his time while his men are dying in battle. 1 Samuel 18:2–3 states, “From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family.”. After inquiring, Samuel finds out that Jesse has one more son, his youngest, who is tending sheep. Nathan the prophet rebuked David severely. Jerusalem means “king” (jeru) of “peace” (shalom), but it has been anything but a city of peace. Seeing the youngest of Israel so easily dispatch their strongest warrior sent terror through the entire Philistine army and they fled. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” (I Samuel 8:4-5), “But the thing was displeasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, 'Give us a king to judge us.' He knows God has a Purpose for him and will not let circumstances rob him of that plan. Slowly and over time, they had fallen away from the LORD. David’s father had sent him off to the fields to watch over the family flock. It was time for God to intervene. He had a deep desire to follow God’s will and do “everything” God wanted him to do. So, Saul and his three sons and his armor-bearer and all his men died together that same day. David had been shuffled off to his father’s fields to work as a shepherd boy. Eventually, David goes to his best friend, Jonathan, who is also King Saul’s eldest son, for help. On the seventh day, the son dies, and David’s response is amazing. When he grew older, Saul sought to take David… It is therefore not too surprising that King David, one of the most virtuous men in the Bible, forgets his place, his responsibilities to God and to his subjects, and starts a love affair with Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite - one of his Mighty Warriors. In consideration of David’s frequent success and amazing skills in his service, King Saul promoted David, who continued to amaze his men and all Israel. David the son of Jesse was an outstanding musician, poet, warrior, and statesman. Without his former "golden card" of righteousness, the House of David experiences bad tidings beginning with the rape of David’s daughter, Tamar, by her half-brother, Amnon. He will follow God’s plan for him despite the barriers that appear before him. But there was also the ill-advised census motivated by Davids pride, not to mention a series of lessons in how not to manage your household well. Saul, the people’s choice, was chosen to be king. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. David's life had not always been such. Knox, John S. "King David." “Now the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord terrorized him.” (I Samuel 16:14). David’s life was a portrait of success and failure, and the biblical record highlights the fact that David was far from perfect. Like King Saul and King Solomon, David reigned for 40 years in one of the highest and most prosperous periods in Israel’s history - called by many, “The Golden Age” of Israel. But what made David a cut above the rest was that his heart was pointed toward God. King David in the Bible – Who Was He? Expecting a great reward like the previously mentioned Amalakite, they bring Ish-Bosheth’s head to David who immediately executes them for their despicable and criminal activity, saying, “Wicked men have killed an innocent man in his own house and on his own bed” (v. 2 Samuel 4:11). 26 Dec 2020. In his desperation, though, King David forgot that God sees and knows everything. His decision was bad judgment on his part and set the stage for his devastating fall into iniquity. Books That’s how we learn to ‘king it.’”, David was “a skillful musician, a mighty man of valor, a warrior, one prudent in speech, a handsome man,” and the LORD was with him. With a name like that, we can expect great things, but little is revealed in our introduction to the revered Melchizedek in Genesis 14. David was everything for everybody. Though not without flaws, he was an incredible leader, and a very impressive man. Before his death, David gave his final admonition to his son, Solomon, saying. His gentleness as a harpist reveals his true inner sensitivity as an artist. Adapted from God in the Details: A Biblical Survey of the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures (Kendall-Hunt, 2017). Ally has been married to John for 30 years and they have five children. And yet everyone familiar with the Bible also recognizes that David did a lot of not-so-great things. Surely, loneliness was his constant companion. The kingship of David described in 2 Samuel 2 is just as exciting and dramatic as his period running away from King Saul. What Is an Archangel and What Is His Role in the End Times? The ending of the book is distressing. Because there was there was no prophetic word from God during this time, this period is sometimes called “the four hundred silent years.” Though the voice of God was silent, the hand of God was actively directing the course of events during these centuries. That was not exactly delighting in the law of the Lord (Ps. David’s response is quite un-Saul-like, though. Saul’s madness still rages inside him, sadly, and continues to pursue David who, in another moment of opportunity, spares Saul’s life. As for indirect evidence, under excavations directed by Yosef Garfinkel in 2012 CE, a Canaanite inscription of "Eshba'al Ben Beda," King David's enemy (and King Saul's son who reigned for two years) also known as "Ish-Bosheth" in many biblical translations (2 Samuel 3, 4) was found inside pottery shards from an ancient jug dated to the 10th century BCE. David was the youngest son of a man named Jesse and was chosen by God to be king of Israel at a young age, the Hebrew Bible says. Tamar comes over to help her brother (Amnon) who pretends to be sick, and when she gets close, he grabs her and molests her. He learned to endure the change of seasons and weather the elements. David was more than just a musician; he had the heart of a warrior & a set of shepherding skills on the masters’ level. He slew a giant, gathered a loyal army and sought God’s guidance (most of the time). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He was a powerful warrior. 1:2). As I said, this city has been anything but a city of peace. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/King_David/. His life was filled with much happiness and much pain. Just dull, plain L-I-F-E. Just constant, unchanging, endless hours of tired monotony as you learn to be a man or woman of God…with nobody else around, when nobody else notices, when nobody even cares. ) God must have felt the sting of rejection David described in 2 12:13... David was anointed as king of Israel of arms, David initially attention... The beginning actions narrated in the history of Israel and an important epoch in the sanctuary, see... ” God wanted him to be king of ancient Israel happiness and much pain made to! Abrams nephew lot was taken prisoner and the subsequent cover-up more impressive brothers as Absalom ’ s for. 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