akbar religious policy upsc

He truly felt that since very religion pointed towards God there is no point why the people belonging to different religions should not live peacefully. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. Dec 10,2020 - With reference to the religious policy of Akbar, consider the following statements:1. Religious policy of Akbar the Great was based on a Sufi doctrine known as Sulh-i-Kul (meaning of Sulh-i-Kul is Peace with All), a policy of universal brotherhood and non-discrimination. His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. Hindi (Hindi) Akbar Policies : UPSC CSE. He came in contact with people of all faiths which liberalised his views. Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. He believed in the unity of God. rishi upsc — September 5, 2020 add comment. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . The non-Muslim who were the bulk of … ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was a Muslim, and like a true Muslim he had respect for all religious faiths. Akbar (1556-1605): Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I. later as Akbar the Great was was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2. Pawan Jha. He had equal regard for all religious system and he believed in the essential unity of all religions. Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed a belligerent Deccan policy. Medieval History. The ideas of Akbar’s early religious doctrine were influenced by his teacher Abdul Latif and Sufi ideology. Religious policy of Jahangir has been placed between his father, Akbar and his son, Shah Jahan. This may have had political motivations as Akbar needed a Mughal base in Rajasthan. The Ibādat Khāna (House of Worship) was a meeting house built in 1575 CE by the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) at Fatehpur Sikri to gather spiritual leaders of different religious grounds so as to conduct a discussion on the teachings of the respective religious leaders.. Soon after his accession to the throne he came to the conclusion that the friendship of the Rajputs, a brave and fearless community, would be very valuable and that it would be disastrous to follow a policy … Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. In 1564, Jizya tax was abolished by Akbar. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Bairam Khan, who subsequently became Akbar’s guardian and protector, was a Shia Muslim. The core of Akbar’s religious beliefs was his faith in Din-i Ilahi, based largely on the philosophies of Ibn-i Arabi. Bairam Khan is responsible for molding his conduct and shaping his early policy. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. His religious policy did not discriminate other religions and focused on the ideas of peace, unity and tolerance. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. The akbar adopted the policy of peace in place of Islamic doctrine. 8) Akbar had been brought up in an atmosphere surcharged with conflicting religious influences. The Jats and Satnamis and also the Sikhs revolted against him due to his harsh religious policy. Choose Goal. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. Saint Nimbarka was a contemporary of Akbar. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1 Akbar was a great statesman. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? ... Akbar's Religious Policy (in Hindi) 9m 09s. Akbar Religious Policy Religious Freedom to all Communities. Religious Policy of Akbar. Religious Policy. He had faith in God and observed principles of Islam in a normal way. The religious policy of Akbar was very liberal. He gave religious freedom to all communities and refused to discriminate between the subjects on the basis of religion. There was no Mughal land revenue system before Akbar. Expectations of orthodox circles: At the outset of Jahangir's reign, there was an expectation in orthodox circles that… Saint Kabir was greatly influenced by Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. Akbar thus tried to befriend the Rajputs but at the same time desired to bring them under his suzerainty. In this course we would analyse the different policies of Akbar. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. The Jizyah was re-imposed in1575. Administrative Units. This Course is beneficial for UPSC CSE aspirants. The liberal religious policy of Akbar also directed him to be friendly with them. The final phase (1581-1605) of Akbar’s religious beliefs and state is defined by the crystallization of Akbar’s ideological beliefs. Akbar promoted tolerance of other faiths and even encouraged debate on philosophical and religious issues. He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, a direct descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as Tamurlane. Akbar captured strong forts of the Rajputs like the forts of Chittor, Ranthambhor, and Kalinjar. Civil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Mughal Empire - III (Administration under Akbar) : Indian History 1. Akbar hardly brought any changes in the organization of local government. Complete Preparation Guide for UPSC Civil Service Exam. Dec 09,2020 - Akbars religious Policy was characterised by a)Tolerance towards all religions b)Not indifference to religions c)An illiberal attitude to other communities d)Beliefs in secularismCorrect answer is option 'D'. History. Free courses. The proceedings at Ibadat Khana were initially confined to Muslims only.3. Religious Policy At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz , as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Akbar’s attitude towards his Hindu subjects was guided by the policy of Sulhi-kul.2. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Emperor Akbar (1556–1605) During Humayun’s wanderings in the Rajputana desert, his wife gave birth to a son, Jalaluddin, known as Akbar, in 1542. Abu Fazl links Din-i ilahi with the concept of Akbar being a spiritual guide of the people. Save. From his childhood Akbar had come in… Read more | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 103 UPSC Students. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar. He did not practice principles of Islam strictly. Religious policies of Jahangir The liberal character of the state instituted by Akbar was maintained during the first half of the 17th century, though with a few lapses under Jahangir, and with some modifications by Shah Jahan. Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation.To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most … Related posts: Get complete information on the Religious Policy of the Mughals Useful […] The patronage to the Dargah at Ajmer became an important aspect of Akbar’s religious policy. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Mughal Administration (in Hindi) 10m 07s. Can you explain this answer? UPSC CSE. In his childhood he came in contact with Sufism and from 1562, for eighteen long years, he made annual pilgrimage to the shrine of Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti at Ajmer. This weakened the power of the Rajputs to offer him resistance. But Aurangzeb was sectarian in his views and often carried them to excesses. Login. Akbar’s most notable tutor, Abdul Latif, taught him the principle of universal peace which […] Ajmer became the seat for the Mughal governor in Rajasthan. However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. Answer: d. Also Read : What to Study for IAS UPSC? 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) Babur (1483-1530 A.D., ruled 1526-1530 A.D.) Zahir-ud-din Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. Akbar accepted all his subject equal regardless UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s UPSC HISTORY MEDIEVAL INDIA: India Under Akbar (Mughal Empire) Notes 2. His father was a Central Asian Sunni given to belief in super­stitious mysticism. This led to the creation of the Ibādat Khāna ("House of Worship") at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575, which invited theologians, poets, scholars, and philosophers from all religious denominations, including Christians, Hindus, Jains, and Zoroastrians. He was not a religious man. Akbar was crowned at the age of fourteen. Question A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! The basic purpose of Akbar’s religious policy was universal tolerance. Akbar‟s religious policy basically based on the doctrine of Sulh-i Kul which means universal peace as well as tolerance for every individual. Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. In 1562, he banned forcible conversions. Pilgrimage tax was abolished in 1563. 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