entebbe airport raid

Bullet holes are still visible from the 1976 raid. The population is African, with small minorities of Europeans. Israeli commandos from the Sayeret Matkal known to the soldiers in it as only “The Unit”, stormed the Ugandan airport at Entebbe under the command of LTC Jonathan “Yoni” Netanyahu. [44][45] The Israeli government also approached the United States government to deliver a message to Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, asking him to request that Amin release the hostages. See more ideas about entebbe, netanyahu, israel defence forces. There, … [47], While planning the raid, the Israeli forces had to plan how to refuel the Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft they intended to use while en route to Entebbe. [16][17], The IDF acted on information provided by the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad. Entebbe raid, (July 3–4, 1976), rescue by an Israeli commando squad of 103 hostages from a French jet airliner hijacked en route from Israel to France. [90] A second resolution sponsored by Benin, Libya and Tanzania, that condemned Israel, was not put to a vote. [57] The Jewish owner of the Block hotels chain in Kenya, along with other members of the Jewish and Israeli community in Nairobi, may also have used their political and economic influence to help persuade Kenya's President Jomo Kenyatta to help Israel. [104][105], As a result of the operation, the United States military developed rescue teams modelled on the unit employed in the Entebbe rescue. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This threat led to the planning of the rescue operation. The Jewish passengers were separated and held hostage in demand to release many terrorists held in Israeli prisons. [95] In mid-July 1976, the supercarrier USS Ranger and her escorts entered the Indian Ocean and operated off the Kenyan coast in response to a threat of military action by forces from Uganda. Five Israeli commandos were wounded and one, unit commander Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu, was killed. A routine commercial flight on … An Air France airplane was hijacked on 27 June 1976. [92][93][94] In private conversation with Israeli Ambassador Dinitz, Henry Kissinger sounded criticism for Israeli use of US equipment during the operation, but that criticism was not made public at the time. Document S/12139, 12 July 1976. Security Council. On June 27, 1976, a jet carrying an international mix of … Special Ops History: The Raid and Rescue at Entebbe Airport The old terminal (shown here in 1994) still bears the bullet holes from the operation that rescued 103 hostages and the entire fight crew of an Air France fight hijacked by terrorists in 1976. [1][7][26][43], In the week before the raid, Israel tried using political avenues to obtain the release of the hostages. [88] UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim told the Security Council that the raid was "a serious violation of the sovereignty of a Member State of the United Nations" though he was "fully aware that this is not the only element involved ... when the world community is now required to deal with unprecedented problems arising from international terrorism. In addition, wreaths were laid, a moment of silence was held, speeches were given, and a poem was recited. Email. [22][81][82], On May 24, 1978, MacKenzie was killed when a bomb attached to his aircraft exploded as MacKenzie departed a meeting with Amin. The 102 rescued hostages were flown to Israel via Nairobi, Kenya, shortly after the raid. [71], According to hostage Ilan Hartuv, Wilfried Böse was the only hijacker who, after the operation began, entered the hall housing the hostages. Today marks 44 years since Israeli commandos raided Entebbe airport and rescued 102 hostages. Many sources indicate that the Israeli cabinet was prepared to release Palestinian prisoners if a military solution seemed unlikely to succeed. The hijackers diverted the flight to Benghazi, Libya. The released were picked from among the non-Israeli group – mainly elderly and sick passengers and mothers with children. In 2009, the aircraft was placed into storage at Istanbul Atatürk Airport and was scrapped in 2020. Mar 15, 2014 - Explore Aviva Thaler's board "Entebbe Rescue-1976", followed by 379 people on Pinterest. The Israeli commandos returned fire with their AK47s,[73] inflicting casualties on the Ugandans. It took place in July 1976 in Entebbe, Uganda. Document S/12138, 12 July 1976. [36] US citizen Janet Almog, Frenchwoman Jocelyne Monier (whose husband or boyfriend was Israeli),[38][39] and French-Israeli dual citizen Jean-Jacques Mimouni, whose name had not been called up during the reading of the original passport-based list, reportedly joined the Israeli hostage group by their own choice. The success of the Entebbe raid substantially boosted Israeli morale. Netanyahu and Israeli commandos from the Sayeret Matkal, known to the soldiers in it as only the “Unit,” stormed the Ugandan airport at Entebbe. [79] Bloch was shot and her body was dumped in the trunk of a car that had Ugandan intelligence services number plates. Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda. The first Boeing contained medical facilities and landed at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. Entebbe International Airport … At first he pointed his Kalashnikov rifle at hostages, but "immediately came to his senses" and ordered them to find shelter in the restroom, before being killed by the commandos. [37] In addition, five non-Israeli hostages – two ultra-orthodox Jewish couples[23] from the US and Belgium[8] and a French resident of Israel – were forced to join the Israeli group. The Israelis hoped they could use them to bypass security checkpoints. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Operation Entebbe, also known as Operation Jonathan, was an Israeli hostage rescue mission. Airport terminal with U.S. C-130 Hercules. The Israelis lacked the logistical capacity to aerially refuel four to six aircraft so far from Israeli airspace. The paratroopers were tasked with securing the airport and its runway as well as securing and fuelling the Israeli aircraft in Entebbe. [18] These plans included preparation for armed resistance from the Uganda Army. The Israelis then destroyed Ugandan MiG fighter planes to prevent them from pursuing, and conducted a sweep of the airfield to gather intelligence. The Greatest Hostage Rescue in History: Documentary on The Entebbe Raid. Just after takeoff, the flight was hijacked by two Palestinians from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO), and by two Germans, Wilfried Böse and Brigitte Kuhlmann, from the German Revolutionary Cells. The Entebbe raid was a bold military operation that cast Israel into the international spotlight and signaled a high point in Israeli history, as it earned admiration on a global scale. [citation needed], Muki Betser said in a later interview that Mossad operatives extensively interviewed the hostages who had been released. There, … [19] Fearing the hijackers would be alerted prematurely, the assault team quickly approached the terminal. referring to the hijackers. Idi Amin was deposed as Uganda's dictator in 1979, less than three years after the operation. Amin came to visit the hostages almost on a daily basis, updating them on developments and promising to use his efforts to have them freed through negotiations. Uncertainty filled the hearts of 248 passengers of an Air France plane when the aircraft was commandeered by terrorists on 27 June 1976. Updates? Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda. [30], On 29 June, after Ugandan soldiers had opened an entrance to a room next to the crowded waiting hall by destroying a separating wall, the hijackers separated the Israelis (including those holding dual citizenship) from the other hostages[nb 2] and told them to move to the adjoining room. [88] The Council allowed Israel's ambassador to the United Nations, Chaim Herzog, and Uganda's foreign minister, Juma Oris Abdalla, to participate without voting rights. This meant he could take a diplomatic trip to Port Louis, Mauritius, to officially hand over chairmanship of the Organisation of African Unity to Seewoosagur Ramgoolam. Of the 106 remaining hostages, 102 were rescued and three were killed. The agent stated that Amin was terrified of possible reprisals in case his troops actually fought the Israeli military, allegedly resulting in him ordering that the Uganda Army should not open fire on Israeli aircraft during a possible raid. [25][need quotation to verify] Eleven[6] Soviet-built MiG-17 and MiG-21 fighter planes of the Uganda Army Air Force were destroyed on the ground at Entebbe Airport. We are Israeli soldiers," in both Hebrew and English. Entering the terminal, the commandos shouted through a megaphone, "Stay down! The airport was the site of an Israeli airborne commando raid on the night of July 3/4, 1976, that freed 103 hostages from a jet hijacked by Palestinian and West German militants. [18][27] The plane left Benghazi and at 3:15 pm on the 28th, more than 24 hours after the flight's original departure, it arrived at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. [97][98][99][100], The Norfolk hotel in Nairobi, owned by a prominent member of the local Jewish community, was bombed on 31 December 1980. [77] Amin also ordered the killing of hundreds of Kenyans living in Uganda in retaliation for Kenya's assistance to Israel in the raid. [46] Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and defence minister Shimon Peres spent one week disagreeing on whether to give in to the hijackers' demands (Rabin's position) or not, to prevent more terrorism (Peres' position). There was some evidence that the Ugandan authorities had lent some assistance to the hijackers. The Israeli Hercules transports touched down in the dark at Entebbe at 23:00 IST, with their cargo bay doors already open. The had the support of the Kenyan government, who allowed the plane carrying the commandos to land in their country and they also supplied them with intelligence. [56] Mackenzie's support for the operation came after Sir Maurice Oldfield, the then head of Britain's MI6 intelligence agency, put his contacts in Mossad in touch with Mackenzie, who had been an MI6 contact for some time. The aircraft has been landed in Entebbe, Uganda (over 2500 miles from Israel) where tyrant Idi Amin offers sanctuary to the terrorists. [21] There were 245 Kenyans in Uganda killed and 3,000 fled.[22]. [40], On 30 June, the hijackers released 48 hostages. Among the 106 hostages staying behind with their captors at Entebbe airport were the 12 members of the Air France crew who refused to leave,[42] about ten young French passengers, and the Israeli group of some 84 people. 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