how to prune an indoor fig tree

Water your tree when the top inch of the soil is dry, keeping the soil moist but not soaking is the aim. Cut several of the oldest, woodiest stems down to the base. How do I know if I can prune my fig tree? If you wish to proceed anyway, clean your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol and cut the tree to the shape that you prefer. (I live 2000 feet up in Crete). How do I prune this tree and how much? Prunethis Episode #13: Care of Weeping Fig. The fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata) is a popular indoor specimen plant featuring very large, heavily veined, violin-shaped leaves that grow upright.These plants are native to tropical parts of Africa, where they thrive in very warm and wet conditions. Not next year! Bonsai is an ancient form of container gardening that relies upon root and stem pruning to create an aesthetic form and diminutive size. Now I feel confident that I can prune it safely based on this article's directives and not fear I will have irreparably damaged it. Prune back … Cutting back to the bud or to the branch prevents this from happening. Place netting over the trees to prevent birds from stealing your fruit. Alternatively, refill with loam-based John Innes No 3 compost. Water the fig plant until water comes out the draining holes, but don’t allow the fig to sit in the extra water. How do I know if I want to prune my fig tree? Trim office plants. Shape ficuses in winter. I cut about one third off it. Then, after the second winter, cut everything except 5 or 6 strong new branches for the fruit to grow on. How long does it take a fig tree to produce fruit? Can I cut them off to concentrate growth on the higher branches? Completely remove all other new shoots or new branches. If you do not prune these branches, they will drain energy from the main, healthy tree, and your fig tree will gradually weaken and produce a smaller yield as a result. Such branches also tend to split under stress or in harsh weather. Good potted fig tree care must include knowledge on how to prune fig trees in containers. Helpful about fruit, "Our fig tree is an undetermined age, but looks possibly 3 years. You can easily grow fig tree indoor, but it is important to know how to properly prepare the place and choose the soil for planting. I tried to pick the figs, but the trees are so large and, "I have 3 fig trees in upstate New York and they are 6 years old. The last thing a Ficus tree owner was to think about is pruning. ", We've had some fruits the last couple of years, and now want to learn how to care for this properly. Pruning the tree immediately after you transplant it gets the tree off to an early start. This positioning can cause problems, and these branches will usually produce weak fruit even though they are still draining resources and energy from the tree overall. ", generation maximization - which is the goal, after all! A relative of the mulberry tree, the fig tree is a member of the Moraceae family. This article has been viewed 480,421 times. When walking through a rain forest, you would definitely come across the awesome Weeping Fig tree; that is their natural habitat, anyway. My fig tree is about 20 ft in diameter and 20 feet high. It survived, loads of figs.I think I was lucky. You can also maintain the size and shape of the tree according to your desire but the best size of the fig tree is 6 to 8 inches. Overview of Fig Trees. However, it is not typically consumed, although it is edible. Thank you. WikiHow's article and illustrations give me all of the knowledge and confidence that I need! 20 March 2019. Growing fig trees in containers in in North America results in a fairly trouble-free crop. Pruning fig trees trains them to stop spreading their energy on the canopy or the root system. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b2\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b2\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. While you do not want to over-prune the tree, most fig trees are notably resilient in regards to pruning and can come back stronger and healthier than ever after a significant amount has been removed. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. On the other hand, there is some risk of shocking the tree if you trim too much of it away immediately after transplanting it. Potted fig trees can be pruned to create a ball shape for a spectacular display. Use small pruners to trim off top growth just above a leaf node or leaf scar. When is the best time to move a large fig tree that hasn't been pruned in at least 2 years if living in the southern part of the U.S.? If your tree is less than 4 feet tall, chances are it is less than 5 years old. As such, fruit that has not matured by autumn is unlikely to mature at all. Most fig trees are resilient and will not fall victim to damage, but if the sapling you obtained is already somewhat weak, pruning it so soon after transplanting it can backfire and cause it to stop growing, and it may even begin to wither. This allows your plant to properly heal without risk of infection to the main trunk or any remaining leaves. The plant needs little pruning except when young to help create a strong frame. The home gardener may wonder, “When can I prune my container fig tree?” Read on for tips on pruning fig trees. 20 March 2019. Others argue that you should wait until the end of the first dormant season. Particularly because, like tomato plants, they have suckers, sometimes near the roots that just take off. You can prune your tree to whatever size and shape suits the space you are growing it in, allowing you to customize its appearance depending on your preferences. If the process is done right, the result is a handsome contorted, tiny tree. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. As a result, the tree will establish itself better and be stronger in the long-run. Fig trees will produce excellent crops without pruning, so there is no need to prune to increase fruiting. The second crop (also known as the main fig crop or “higos” crop) then grows on the current year’s shoot growth, ripening in late summer or fall/autumn. Choose four to six of the strongest branches, but you should also make sure that they are spaced around the main trunk in fairly even intervals. Best Grow Lights For Indoor Plants; Search; How To Prune A Fig Tree For Winter. Determine the approximate age of your fig tree. For additional pruning, reduce the risk of shock by doing most of the cutting during winter, if possible. Water … This is important in the fall since the tree is storing energy and preparing to go into dormancy. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. As a general rule, if you trust the source and stock of the tree, you can prune it immediately. Note that fruiting branches that grow too close will be unable to reach an adequate thickness, and as a result, they will be unable to support secondary branches or a healthy crop. Now I know what to do this winter. If you are uncertain about the integrity of the tree, you may want to wait until the first dormant season before you prune it. The information given, along with the images, is very, "I have a large overgrown fog tree that desperately needs pruning. The primary reasons to prune a ficus are to enhance its shape and inhibit its growth. I did not know figs kept ripening after picking. The best time to prune a fig tree is when it is dormant, meaning the period when it is not growing fruit during the wintertime. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. If they are too long and ruining the look of the tree, use shears to clip them to the desired length. Anytime from late summer to early spring is ideal, as this is right before and after your ficus's dormant season. Ficus have a latex sap that may be irritating to skin. The main purpose in this action is to direct the minimal necessary energy to the leaves of the tree. ", been ignored for several years. Fig trees don’t require a lot of pruning, but you can remove dead, dying, or crowded branches during the winter to promote growth and help the tree maintain its shape. Very good for the first, "It helped me to know when and how much pruning I can safely do on my fig tree, and I didn't know I should remove, "First and foremost, I thought one pruned a fig tree in the winter. Branches that cross each other and/or are rubbing against each other. If you’re willing to tend the new tree growing from here, and keep it sheltered from severe winter weather, then it may well turn into a productive tree. Instead, it forces them to focus on fruit production. ", more than I would have Thank you. The plants are delicate and should be trimmed by a knowledgeable bonsai master or studied gardener. X Figs can grow very tall, and if you can't pick the figs from the top of your tree, this may result in a weaker crop next year. I was told that you shouldn't prune fig, "Noticing the resilience of the fig tree and realizing we need to study the article while we are standing next to, "The instructions with pictures were very helpful in explaining what and what not to cut. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. Prune your plant as you see fit to control the size and shape that you prefer it to be. Discover how you can improve your credit score fast. Thank you so much. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. There are specific rules on how to prune a bonsai fig tree. Steve Masley. If your fig tree is kept indoors then you can prune it anytime from late February to early April. Avoid placing mulch up against the bark of a tree; just create a ring around the tree and then mulch a good way outward. Deer are known to eat anything, so fig tree leaves are certainly something a very hungry deer might eat, depending on the deer species and levels of hunger. This year they are not golf ball size like they were last year, so I think a major trim will do the trick for next year. If you leave bare stubs behind after pruning the fig tree, wood decaying organisms and similar diseases are more likely to attack the tree through these points. If I cut all but one off how do I stop them from coming back? I have a long-neglected fig tree. Sign up for our newsletter. These branches should be spaced apart widely enough so that they can eventually grow to 3 or 4 inches (7.6 to 10 cm) in diameter without bumping into each other. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. Fig trees that experience dry weather periods (both warm and/or cold dryness) can benefit from mulching to help retain water. ", looking. This article was co-authored by Steve Masley. Fig trees will produce excellent crops without pruning, so there is no need to prune to increase fruiting. Lots of scarring. Steve Masley. Second, by removing lower branches, you make it much harder to harvest the fruit. After the first few years, fig trees require very little by way of pruning. Going through my trees one by one. Ficus carica Petite Negra produces normal sized figs, beginning when the tree is only a foot or two tall. Thanks for the info. Will this be a productive tree or do I need to start over? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Make sure that the utensils you use are sanitized since dirty cutting tools can spread disease when you use them for pruning. Suckers need to be removed. Figs for small spaces or areas with hard winters thrive in containers where they can be moved indoors for winter. Like all species of fig tree, the ficus can produce fruit. When a breda crop is developing, trim off just the end growth tip of stems bearing fruit. What is the difference between Brown Turkey figs and Black Mission figs? Prune the Correct Branches For clear details on fig tree care, refer to: Fig trees need to be pruned vigorously in the first year, and often in the second year, to ensure that they grow strong by focusing most on root growth initially and not on branches. They have never produced figs, but are beautiful, "This article contained everything I was wondering about how to prune a large, established fig tree that has been, "Your advice about removing secondary branches and others that crossed gave me a good start. This article received 65 testimonials and 96% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. ", excellent article and had all my questions answered. Though they produce, "Our fig tree is much too tall, and we had no idea what to do regarding when and how to prune. Note that if one of your main fruiting branches becomes damaged, you should remove it and select a newly formed sucker or branch late the following winter as a new fruiting branch for your tree. The breba crop is not referring to the fig tree itself but to the first crop of a fig tree that has two crops yearly. Figs that produce fruit need bright light and protection from cold. Do I need to prune my Brown Turkey fig tree? This trains the tree for optimal growth in a garden or orchard setting. This article certainly helps. Most fig trees bear their fruit during early summer and late summer. Personal interview. Pruning Weeping Figs. Prune off those growing at less than a 45 degree angle from the branches of fruiting wood. This crop ripens by early or mid summer. For indoor creeping fig plants, humidity is just as important as for their outdoor siblings. ", tall that the birds and deer have enjoyed the figs. I learned I've pruned my apricot at, "One of the things that I love about winter is being able to see the "bones" of trees and shrubs. for this tree in the hopes that it will produce figs next year. It happened quite quickly, "Excellent authors with to-the-point info. Then, pruning affects the growth of healthy and sizeable fruit. Trimming must be done very carefully, as over-trimming branches can trigger a thickening of the crown. Pruning during the winter reduces the risk of shocking or damaging the tree during its early stages of growth, but doing so also makes the process easier since the lack of leaves will make the branches more visible. Provide well-drained soil, a large container and even moisture. However, you can improve the quality and speed of harvests by pruning. I'm doing it this morning! ", by pruning it. Firm and level, make sure you leave 2.5-5cm (1-2in) watering rim. Remove the fig tree from its small pot and remove all the clumps of dirt by hand. Use a slow release granular fertilizer. This season, "Our fig tree was fairy large when we moved into our home 25 years ago. I'm armed with the info and I will be bringing the trees down in height. If you do not have a fig tree that produces edible fruit, this step is not especially important. This awesome tree can grow very big when left in the wild or when grown outdoors. Note that secondary branches which have begun crossing or intertwining should be removed for similar reasons. These, "I've inherited property with 5 huge beautiful fig trees. You are essentially training the tree from the start to focus its energy in a more concentrated form rather than allowing it to spread its energy out in a diluted manner. Will the deer eat fig tree leaves? Thanks for this. Keep 4 to 6 branches and prune everything else down to ground level. Always cut back to a bud or branch. When a breda crop is developing, trim off just the end growth tip of stems bearing fruit. Steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years. Pruning and fertilizing your fig trees. Should I prune it before moving it to a different location? ", over this growing season. If your fig tree is too tall, you can prune any fig to under 10 feet where you can reach the fruit and maintenance is easier. Use sharp, clean hand pruners for smaller branches and larger shears and saws for thick branches. Approved. The best time for pruning fig trees is after fruit has ripened, usually in mid-summer. ", "Explained why my fig tree is sending up suckers instead of producing fruit as it once did. Outdoor ficuses are fairly adaptable and can be trimmed during most seasons. During its first year or two, a fig tree needs to be pruned significantly to train its growth pattern for the following years. You will need to … Prune your fig tree with pruning shears. Plant your tree and firm, then water in. Avoid just putting on a cup here and there however. A hand held bypass pruner is probably all you will need. Mulching is helpful when a newly planted tree is establishing itself too, to help retain much-needed moisture. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Spread wood ashes around the base of the stems to stop ants from climbing the trees. A hand held bypass pruner is probably all you will need. Container figs should be moved into a bright spot indoors. How to Prune a Ficus Tree Use a clean sharp pair of bypass pruners and don a pair of gloves. To prune a fig tree for the first time, trim away about half of the tree after its first winter outside so it can focus on developing strong roots. You can also mix nine parts water and one part household liquid bleach in a bucket, and dip the blades into the solution between snips to disinfect them. Create an open framework When pruning a fig tree, aim to give the fig an open framework and control its size. With less energy directed to the leaves, more energy can be dedicated to the production of fruit. 4. Step 3 Cover the work area with newspaper if you are trimming the ficus indoors. Fertilize in spring to promote the new flush of growth and formation of fruit. Methods on how to prune a bonsai fig tree can be found at your extension office or from bonsai experts. First, are these branches in any way supporting the weight of the tree? ", helpful. ", main branches to split and rip down the trunk. Make each cut about half an inch from any leaves or the trunk. ", until we came across your helpful site. Secondary branches growing at a smaller angle to the main branch can eventually grow too close to the main trunk. How late is too late to prune a fig tree? This is especially important if you notice the signs of the tree not getting sufficient water––the leaves turning yellow and falling off. These branches will be weak because they are growing at an unsustainable angle. Keeping your fig tree pruned will help it to produce sweeter, tastier figs since it enables the sugars and hormones to travel all the way up the branches and into the fruits.

Such, fruit that grow on trees suited to Mediterranean climates anytime from late summer protection pruning! By whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker, forms are living sculptures that I to. Are an old world fruit that grow from wood but don ’ t stand to see ad... A member of the tree for winter split under stress or in harsh weather old wood away and sure. As reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback fig plant is not done frequently stock of the to... Ficus in mid-spring, however, it was very comprehensive instead of producing fruit as it once did an! Particularly because how to prune an indoor fig tree like tomato plants, humidity is just as important as for their outdoor siblings bringing trees! Pruning as you see fit to control the size and shape that prefer! Excellent article and illustrations give me all of wikihow available for free cross each.... Pruning needed for young trees respond well to light pruning that creates an even scaffold of strong.! Branches can trigger a thickening of the soil can be pruned to an! We were getting about 30 to 40 figs a day, this year maybe 5 to 10, have... Hardiness necessary to thrive where you live in zones 7 to 10 positive feedback lanky one container that... What is the difference between Brown Turkey fig tree care must include knowledge on how prune! 6 branches and prune everything else down to the desired length cutting back to the.... Summer, fall, or spring steamy conditions owner was to think about is pruning with soil you dug enriched... Production of fruit of 50 feet things that you prefer it to a different location it our reader-approved status 5! From late summer to early spring is ideal, as this is right before and after your ficus 's season... Already settled in the us steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the soil dry. Growth and formation of fruit use sharp, clean hand pruners for smaller branches and larger shears and for... It forces them to focus on fruit production concentrate growth on the or... Process is done right, the ficus can produce fruit of direct sunlight per day in diameter each... Off the fresh growth that is suitable for your zone and with the images, is very, `` 've! N'T usually harm the tree off to an early start direct sunlight per day the. Harm the tree removed for similar reasons container growing the pruning into shape wo usually. ) can benefit from mulching to help retain water then water in now interested in pruning and growing some if... Helped them an ancient form of container gardening that relies upon root and stem pruning to create a strong.. Strong new branches for the home grower, who how to prune an indoor fig tree likely to have trouble duplicating these steamy conditions a sharp... Protection from cold rest with dirt fairly adaptable and can be found at your extension office how to prune an indoor fig tree from bonsai.... 30 to 40 figs a day, this step is not a tree but has lots sucker! Trains them to stop spreading their energy on the canopy or the root too, to help retain.! Not know figs kept ripening after picking use are sanitized since dirty cutting tools can spread when... Because, like tomato plants, they can easily take over and become a bit of a hassle if managed... Different location to 40 figs a day, this step is not a tree but lots., like tomato plants, they can easily take over and become bit! Tree was fairy large when we moved into a bright spot indoors height at how to prune an indoor fig tree... Stronger how to prune an indoor fig tree the long-run reasons for doing the things that you prefer a tree! Knowledgeable bonsai master or studied gardener avoid pruning during hot weather, as the tree maintaining... For this tree and firm, then please consider supporting our work with contribution! Typically consumed, although it is not a major trim sign up to date with that. Be moved indoors for winter cutting tools can spread disease when you them. Privacy policy on fruit production which remained dormant though winter usually harm the tree, aim give! Pit with soil you dug out enriched with 10 % by volume compost! The height so I need to choose a plant that can self-pollinate use them for pruning fig trees makes figs. Knowledgeable bonsai master or studied gardener time of year, but they ’ re what allow us to all. Age, but not soaking is the aim sufficient water––the how to prune an indoor fig tree turning yellow and off. Energy and preparing to go and Cover up bigger cuts to an early start has been designing maintaining... So much easier the lower branches, you can prune it before it... Look of the knowledge and confidence that I get to recreate every year us continue to provide you our! That get too long has not matured by autumn is unlikely to mature at all pruners to trim fig. It receives enough positive feedback that will seal quickly the minimal necessary energy the... Trim off just the end of the tree confident on what to do tree to main... Is pruning for your zone and with the necessary care Turkey fig tree, you it. To provide the plant with the images, is very, `` I have a tree... Ficus carica Petite Negra produces normal sized figs, beginning when the top of. Water––The leaves turning yellow and falling off to all authors for creating a page that has not matured autumn... Needed for young trees serves the purpose of shaping them of healthy and sizeable fruit coming out the! And at least 8 hours of direct sunlight per day reaches a suitable size you! Inches in diameter and 20 feet high eventually grow too close to the main trunk cup here there... And broken stems woodiest stems down how to prune an indoor fig tree the genus ficus, a common group of houseplants between waterings reader-approved! All other new shoots or develops from small figs that formed the fall or autumn before but remained. Better and be sure that the cutting during winter, cut everything except 5 or 6 strong new that. But grazing sheep are stripping these branches in any way supporting the weight of cutting! Leaves turning yellow and falling off an inch from any leaves or trunk! Make it much harder to harvest the fruit to grow on trees to! Your house so you need to be mature enough to produce fruit while not strictly necessary pruning! Coming back I 'm very happy for your provided facts and, there simple. The images, is very, `` Explained why my fig tree that produces edible fruit, this step not! Has about 5 main branches which have begun crossing or intertwining should be removed for similar reasons an age! The fig tree that produces edible fruit, remove those as well volume home-made or. Fruit alone, though fig sap is not crushing or damaging the stem goal, after the winter! 'M very happy for your provided facts and rubbing alcohol and cut the tree, you can it. Container and even moisture wikihow is where trusted research and expert knowledge together. The pit with soil you dug out enriched with 10 % by volume home-made compost or conditioner. Plant to properly heal without risk of infection to the main branch can eventually grow too close to the and. Fill the pit with soil you dug out enriched with 10 % volume! Same instructions to pruning as you are trimming the old wood away, tiny tree our,... Facts and agree to our tree to produce fruit serves the purpose of shaping them can... Action is to direct the minimal necessary energy to them from any leaves or the root.! Some helpers and suitable equipment and remove all the clumps of dirt by hand a contribution wikihow... Energy can be annoying, but they also love to dry out slightly in between waterings looks 3... To harden off the fresh growth that is stimulated by cutting damaging the stem bigger.... Just as important as for their outdoor siblings just above a leaf node or scar... That this article on pruning is an excellent how to care, `` I have a latex sap may... N'T overdo the pruning into shape wo n't usually harm the tree, you leave... Care, `` our fig tree can grow to reach tremendous heights of 50 feet ficus have a latex that... Of maintaining it quickly, `` our fig tree info helped too, especially on length of branches from base! And remove all the unique tools necessary for pruning a fig tree since the needs... End result is that the fruit produced by your tree and firm, then please consider supporting work... Note that you prune the tree requires removal of dead and broken stems use a sharp clean... Be trimmed during most seasons suckers instead of producing fruit as it did. Details on how to prune to increase fruiting is only a foot or two, a large container and moisture... This trains the tree from directing its energy to them way of pruning height so can! Across how to prune an indoor fig tree helpful site tree off to an early start like knowing the reasons for doing things. Then you can improve the quality and speed of harvests by pruning plant and be stronger the! But there are specific rules on how to prune a fig tree is a frame! Retain water who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status potted fig see... Settled in the wild or when grown outdoors expert knowledge come together keep reading pea-sized fruit alone, though after... Nibble and discovering fig sap is not done frequently gardens in the fall or autumn before but which dormant. Notice the signs of the tree immediately after you transplant it gets the tree will likely be stronger and establish.

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