increase job and educational opportunities for delinquents, __________ was based on the work of Cloward and Ohlin. According to Thomas and Znaniecki, increased crime rates among recent immigrants to America was due to social. the formal and informal attempts at enforcing norms, claims that society is made up of many competing groups whose difverse interests are continuously balanced, the customary and typical social arrangements that society's members use to base their daily lives on, things such as remarks from family or peers about a behavior meant to prevent it, strongly forced efforts to prevent a behavior such as from a police officer or a teacher, punshments or negative reactions toward deviance. Which of the following is not a type of social structure theory? its claim that the community has a significant influence on behavior. Einstein, Millikan, Compton, Langmuir have taken out … Robert K. Merton, one of the towering figures on whose shoulders contemporary sociology rests, died Sunday, February 23, 2003. Which focal concern involves the ability to con or outsmart others? According to Merton, the __________ mode of adaptation involves rejecting culturally defined goals but accepting socially approved means. In such an organization there is integrated a series of offices, of hierarchized statuses, in which inhere a Where homes are more crowded, people tend to congregate in the home rather than outside the home. Sociologist Robert K. Merton popularised this concept in the twentieth century. Social structure theories see __________ as a fundamental cause of crime. Middle-range theory, developed by Robert K. Merton, is an approach to sociological theorizing aimed at integrating theory and empirical research. He changed his name at the age of 14 to Robert Merton, which evolved out of a teenage career as an amateur magician as he blended the names of famous magicians. __________ theories suggest that crime is the result of class struggle. He was 92. Robert K. Merton hypothesized that individuals compare themselves with reference groups of people: who occupy the social role to which the individual aspires Josh and Wei are in a low-level reading group at school, and there is no opportunity for them to move to the higher-level reading group, even though they are capable. Robert K. Merton was born Meyer R. Schkolnick in Philadelphia into a working class Eastern European Jewish Immigrant family. Which of the following is characteristic of an individual experiencing personal deprivation? Because its referents are so diverse - including everything from minor working hypotheses, through comprehensive but vague and unordered speculations, to axiomatic systems of thought - use of the word often obscures rather than creates Which of the following is a critique of ecological theories? According to Merton, which of the following would not be a socially approved means to achieving legitimate goals? . Robert Merton's contribution to sociology is one of great importance in regards to the functional perspective of society. Key Points. According to Cloward and Ohlin, a Type __________ youth wants wealth but not entry into the middle class. America experienced The Great Depression from 1929 to 1939. Merton was born July 4, 1910, and his extraordinary life story evokes both a very American trajectory appropriate to the holiday birthday and the … It is possible to predict the specific behavior of an individual member of a given group. Robert King Merton was a distinguished sociologist perhaps best known for having coined the phrase "self-fulfilling prophecy." Brought on by Black Friday, on October 24th, 1929, when the stock market crashed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. Which of the following statements would not apply to Stark's theory of deviant neighborhoods? A juvenile who becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol is an example of Cloward and Ohlin's Type __________ youth. Merton’s anomie theory was published in 1938, but due to the unawakened social interest it represented a so-called “sleep theory”. Thomas Merton OCSO (January 31, 1915 – December 10, 1968) was an American Trappist monk, writer, theologian, mystic, poet, social activist, and scholar of comparative religion.On May 26, 1949, he was ordained to the priesthood and given the name "Father Louis". when an individual violates a norm but is not caught or labeled as a deviant, whent he individual internalizes the deviant identity others have placed upon them and become part of their lifestyle, social position that is so intense it becomes the primary characteristic of the individual, the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they have experienced negative consequences of that behavior, an approach that studies hwo people learn behaviors through interactions with others. In 2015, women made up _____ of all U.S. prisoners in state or federal prison. Which is the least common mode of adaptation, according to Merton? The law of unintended consequences, often cited but rarely defined, is that actions of people—and especially of government—always have effects that are unanticipated or unintended. Deviance reaffirms norms when the deviants are punished; promotes solidarity among those who support and those who oppose the deviance; provides a clear contrasting point of comparison for society's members; and often stimulates social change, the tendency to judge others based on our own experiences, the tendency to look for the cultural context in which differences in cultures occur. Robert K. Merton’s signal contribution to functionalism lies in his clarification and codification of functional analysis. They sometimes uses the incidence of delinquency as both an example of social disorganization and something caused by disorganization. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable.As such, it is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro-level of everyday life. Robert K. Merton. He was a member of the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani, near Bardstown, Kentucky, living there from 1941 to his death. Robert Merton: The Functionalist. Economists and other social scientists have heeded its power for centuries; for just as long, politicians and popular opinion have largely ignored it. This theory points out the importance of how the "audience" responds to a person who commits a crime or to the crime itself. Merton refines Durkheim’s remarks by describing the missing social rules that lead to anomie and linking them to the aspect of the value-medium discrepancy. a theory by Robert K. Merton, which suggests that society pushes individuals to deviant behaviors because it overemphasizes the importance of making money, while failing ot emphasize the importance of using legitimate means to reach that monetary success. the nature of existing power relationships between social groups. The strain is associated with high levels of self-control. The book The Code of the Street was written by, The average age for joining a gang today is approximately __________ years of age. Which of the following statement about gangs is not true? the idea that American society emphasizes common success goals without providing equal access to the means of obtaining them. Given group the middle class Meyer R. Schkolnick in Philadelphia into a working class Eastern European Jewish Immigrant.... Key values or __________ which are considered important by members of a urban. Nations delegates from 122 countries voted infavor of the following was not strain! 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